The Last Will and Testament of Adrien Arcand – 9 September 1960

Adrien Arcand, the Roman Catholic fascist

Adrien Arcand, the Roman Catholic fascist /  Adrien Arcand, le fasciste catholique romain


Foreword

Adrien Arcand’s only possessions were his love for God and his devotion to His Church, the only two subjects of his Last Will and Testament.

David Rajotte of Library and Archives Canada, in his valuable article, “L’État canadien contre le Parti de l’unité nationale et Adrien Arcand”,1 effectively summarizes Arcand’s material wealth as it stood, assessed by the Canadian State upon his internment without trial in 1940.  Says Rajotte:

Les ennemis du Canada durant la guerre voyaient leurs avoirs saisis et administrés par le Bureau du séquestre des biens ennemis (BSBE).&nbsp Aucun interné n’y a échappé.  Dans les archives du BSBE, il existe de fait des dossiers sur tous les membres du PUNC qui ont été arrêtés, à l’exception d’Arthur Lebrun, de Cornwall.  La plupart avaient peu de possessions et n’ont pas eu à transiger longuement avec le Bureau.  Quelques cas ressortent quand même du lot.  Albert Abdelahad était un vendeur itinérant et a dû céder tout son inventaire.  Le BSBE a recherché les personnes à qui il avait fait crédit et les a fait payer.  Hugues Clément était pour sa part copropriétaire d’une compagnie d’assurances fondée par son père . Le BSBE est devenu gestionnaire de ses actions.  La situation a été plus simple pour Adrien Arcand.  Un comptable a examiné ses possessions.  Il a finalement expliqué qu’il n’avait rien de valeur.  Dans une entrevue d’après-guerre, Arcand a raconté que sa femme a pu passer à travers le conflit en bonne partie grâce à l’aide d’amis.  Elphège Deaudelin, propriétaire d’épiceries, lui fournissait des aliments.  Le fils aîné d’Arcand a aussi rejoint l’armée en 1944.  On peut donc supposer que la famille du chef fasciste n’a pas vécu la guerre dans la misère la plus totale.  Il reste quand même que la vie des proches des internés a été difficile.

Canada’s enemies during the war saw their assets seized and administered by the Office of the Custodian of Enemy Property (OCEP).  No internees escaped this.  In the OCEP archives, there are in fact records of all the NUPC members arrested, with the exception of Arthur Lebrun of Cornwall.  Most had few possessions and did not have to deal for long with the Office.  A few cases stand out.  Albert Abdelahad was a traveling salesman and had to yield up his entire inventory.  The OCEP looked for those people who had credit with him and made them pay.  Hugues Clément was co-owner of an insurance company founded by his father.  The OCEP became the manager of his shares.  The situation was easier for Adrien Arcand.  An accountant3 examined his possessions.  He finally explained that there was nothing of value.  In a post-war interview, Arcand said that his wife was able to get through the conflict largely thanks to the help of friends.  Elphège Deaudelin, a grocery store owner, provided her with food.  Arcand’s eldest son also joined the army in 1944.  We can therefore assume that the fascist leader’s family did not live out the war in total misery.

Obviously, those things of real value were not considered by the accountant.

The best presentation of the Last Will and Testament of Adrien Arcand that I can find is the following words, by his own political party, in a short biography of Arcand’s life.2

Cet homme racé, d’une énergie débordante, d’u­ne intelligence rare et d’une culture prodigieuse, a servi son idéal jusqu’au bout, malgré sa santé défaillante durant les dernières années, et en dé­pit de toutes les persécutions et des attentats perpétrés contre sa personne.  Les biens terres­tres ne l’intéressaient pas, et ce détachement su­blime demeure vraiment, selon tous ceux qu’il a si hautement inspirés, la preuve la plus tangible de sa sincérité, en ce monde dépravé par l’amour de l’argent.  Proclamer à la face de l’univers ce re­noncement extraordinaire est bien le plus grand hommage que ses disciples et amis puissent lui rendre.

This thoroughbred of a man, overflowing with energy, of rare intelligence and prodigious culture, served his ideal until the end, despite his failing health in the final years, and in spite of all the persecutions and attacks perpetrated against his person.  Earthly goods were of no interest to him, and therefore sublime detachment really remains the most tangible proof of his sincerity, according to all those whom he greatly inspired in this world depraved by the love of money.  To proclaim in the face of the universe this extraordinary renunciation is really the greatest homage that his disciples and his friends could pay to him.


THE LAST WILL AND TESTAMENT OF ADRIEN ARCAND

For the First Time, in English


 
My holograph will

Lanoraie, Berthier County,
September 9, 1960,

Having undergone a serious surgical operation this year and knowing that at my age I will have to appear before my Creator and Judge before long, here are my last wishes:

I surrender to my God, Father-Son-Holy Spirit, my soul and all that He had the generosity to lend me for my earthly life (body, talent, faculties, etc.), submitting myself totally and without reservation to His divine Will-Law, hoping that His infinite Mercy will have forgiven my sins, my shortcomings, my omissions which I deeply repent of mainly because they struck the nails and thorns driven into the flesh of my Savior Jesus;

I want to die in complete and unreserved adherence to all the teachings of my Mother the Roman Catholic Apostolic Church, which I consider infallible and the sole depositary of true Revelation.

Adrien Arcand


Last Will and Testament of Adrien Arcand, 9 September 1960

Last Will and Testament of Adrien Arcand, 9 September 1960 /  Les dernières volontés et testament d’Adrien Arcand, 9 septembre 19604


LES DERNIÈRES VOLONTÉS ET TESTAMENT D’ADRIEN ARCAND


Mon testament olographe

Lanoraie, Comté de Berthier,
9 septembre 1960,

Ayant subi, cette année, une opération chirurgicale grave et sachant qu’à mon âge je devrai avant longtemps comparaître devant mon Créateur et Juge, voici mes dernières volontés :

Je remets à mon Dieu, Père-Fils-Saint-Esprit, mon âme et toutes qu’Il a eu la générosité à me prêter pour ma vie terrestre (corps, talent, facultés, etc.), me soumettant totalement et sans réservés à Sa divine Volonté-Loi, espérant que Son infinit Miséricorde aura pardonné mes péchés, mes manquements, mes omissions dont je me repens profondément surtout parce qu’ils ont frappé les clous et les épines enfoncés dans la chair de mon Sauveur Jésus;

Je veux mourir dans l’adhésion complète et sans réserve à tous les enseignements de ma Mère l’Eglise Catholique, Apostolique Romaine, que je considère infaillible et seule dépositaire de la vraie Révélation.

Adrien Arcand

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1.  Rajotte, D. (2018).  “L’État canadien contre le Parti de l’uniténationale et Adrien Arcand.”  Bulletin d’histoire politique, 26(3), 189–211.  doi:10.7202/1046920ar The title of the article if given in English would be:  “The Canadian State Versus The National Unity Party and Adrien Arcand”.

2.  Exclusive English Translation for Adrien Arcand Books, from Section 1 of Adrien Arcand devant le tribunal de l’histoire :  Scandale à la société Radio-Canada (Scandal at CBC Radio-Canada) circa 1983 by Arcand’s then still existing National Unity Party of Canada.  See our free ebook, A Short Study of the Life of Adrien Arcand, comprising the whole text of Section 1.

3.  Nor, just to clarify, was Adrien Arcand an “enemy of Canada”; he was framed and libeled by his government.  But I won’t go into that here, I’ll have to save it for the Memorandum and Request eBook that I still owe you.  I will however say that it would be fully correct to call Mackenzie-King (“our American Prime Minister” as cartooned in the Goglu) an enemy of Canada, for he planned this country’s end in supporting world government.

4.  The source of Arcand’s handwritten Will is Jean Côté’s 1994 book, Adrien Arcand :  une grande figure de notre temps, published at Outremont, Quebec, 227 p.: 23 cm.


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This Just In:  Hon. George Drew, from speech at Pembroke, Ontario (9 July 1953)

FOREWORD
Drew Condemns the Internment without Trial of Arcand and his men

Hon. George Drew, 14th Premier of Ontario

Hon. George Drew, 14th Premier of Ontario

George Drew’s speech of July 9th, 1953 arrived in my inbox on July 9th, 2019, and July 9th, 1953 is my birthday, so maybe this is a good omen.  In his draft Memorandum and Request for redress dated 1957, Adrien Arcand referred to this Drew speech.1  I was lucky to be able to get it from Drew’s own archives in Ottawa.  Drew was the 14th Premier of Ontario from August 17, 1943 – October 19, 1948.

That Drew should have made the speech is particularly interesting.  Justice Minister Louis Saint-Laurent tried to send Drew to the camps as well in WWII!  He charged him under section 39B of the Defence Of Canada Regulations.  Drew defended himself, and won.2 (I like him already.)

The Drew speech will be included in the upcoming eBook that I owe you.  Here it is (emphases added).

Part of Speech of Hon. George Drew,
Pembroke, July 9, 1953

One of the points in our program—and a very important point (it) is—includes the promise that we will restore the rule of law.  We believe that there should be no interference with the freedom and work of the individual by order-in-council or still worse at the whim of any government official.

At the root of our free democracy is the principle that no man or woman shall have their freedom threatened or their right to work denied except under a known law3, defining the offence and enforced only by our free and impartial courts.

The present government abandoned that principal long ago.  During the last war, in this free Canada of ours, men were put in concentration camps without any charge being laid against them.4 They were denied any access to the courts.  They were refused their historic right to defend themselves and to be regarded as innocent until their guilt was proved.  Later it was found that innocent men had been held for long periods.  They were offered no redress.

Now we are seeing a less severe but equally unjust procedure which denies the rule of law.  In the name of “Screening” we have seen witchhunts by the government in different government agencies.  For months the government refused to permit the National Film Board to take any pictures in places where some measure of security was involved.  They placed innocent and highly efficient men and women under a cloak of suspicion while they searched for what—Communist activities, which they say they are unable to define.

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Then with a great show of satisfaction they declared that they had cieansed the board of offenders who are guilty of no offence which this Government will define by law.  The same sort of witchhunt has been carried on elsewhere.

They passed an order-in-council to deal with Communism among sailors6 on vessels operating on the Great Lakes.  Again there was no definition of the offence.  Again men were denied the right to work which is the right to live.  And again it was for something the Government says it is unable to define.  Who knows whether the men dealt with are innocent or guilty.  There was no trial.  No court made a decision.

That is the kind of witchhunt we have promised to stop.  Our party stands firmly against Communism.  Make no mistake about that.  We believe in the rule of law for which men and women have fought and died, in years gone by, that freedom might be secure.

We are told that there must be no interference with ideas.  That is our position.  This Government is denying men and women the right to work because of ideas.  Our contention is that the positive act of working to destroy our democracy in the service of the Kremlin5 or any other foreign government should be declared an offence by law.  Only our courts should have the right to deal with the freedom of any individual.  The present witchhunts must come to an end and firm steps be taken under a known law, passed by parliament, to deal with agents of an international conspiracy to destroy our freedom.

The government can hardly deny that it knows that active organizers of the Communist Party, under any name they choose, are servants of the Kremlin.  The Government has published a report on

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Communist activities prepared by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police which makes that clear.  Their activities are described as treachery.  We believe that particular form of treachery can be defined. At a time our young men are fighting that international conspiracy on the field of battle we think it must be defined and the fight against Communist and other treacherous activities of that kind dealt with under the rule of law.

I am surprised to read reports of a statement by the Prime Minister that the government is unaware of Communist activities in agencies of the government.  They told us of this in the House of Commons.  That is why they have been “Screening” a number of government agencies.

There is however a particular reason for surprise because the press has been carrying detailed stories of Communist activities for some time.  If the Prime Minister has not been informed by the Minister responsible I would have expected that he would hear about it through the press.

Canadians who understand this menace were shocked to learn just over a month ago that a Communist-led union which had been expelled by the Canadian Congress of Labour because of its Communist activities is in a position to paralyze our vital uranium industry.

Among the mines and other operations where this union has been organized is the Federal Government’s own uranium operations.  At the head of that organization is a man now called Harvey Murphy.  He is a European born Communist who was trained at the Lenin Institute in Moscow where they specialize in political warfare and sabotage.  His agents, and the government knows their names, have

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been organizing in the government owned operations which are intended to provide our most vital military requirement.

If the government does not know about those activities then this is an added proof that it is incapable to govern.  I am informed that at this very time there is an application by this Communist-led organization before the Labor Relations Board to be certified as the bargaining agent for the Government owned uranium operation in Saskatchewan.  If it was regarded as important to restrain Communist activities on ships in the Great Lakes it is surely equally important to deal with Communism in Canada’s most vital operations.

The Government is dodging this issue by a smoke screen of appeals to the priceless name of freedom.  We will respect the true principles of freedom.  We will pass a law to define an offence for which this Government has not hesitated to send men to concentration camps without a law. We will protect the freedom of the individual by making certain that only by a decision of our courts will this law be interpreted. We will defend the freedom of Canada at home as well as abroad by taking the steps necessary to protect ourselves against treachery of this kind.  We will restore the Rule of Law.7

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1. See Memorandum and Request, second paragraph, where Arcand prefaces the Drew quote at Pembroke as follows at page 14: “The Hon. George Drew, speaking in a public meeting in Pembroke, Ont., on the 9th of July 1953, stated …”.

2. “Drew is politically and physically brave.  He once saved a man from drowning in Lake Ontario.  An hour before appearing in court on a charge of infringing section 39B of the Defense of Canada Regulations, he slipped and broke his war-shattered left arm.  He appeared in court with the arm unset and unattended, spoke in his own defense for some 20 minutes.” (Maclean’s, “George Drew” by Pierre Berton, October 1, 1948. Anecdote: I was a fact-checker for Reader’s Digest (Westmount office, Montreal) in the early 1970s.  I had to take apart books and articles, sentence by sentence, and verify each alleged fact with three independent sources to prove or disprove it, and recommend corrections.  Only one writer ever crossed my desk who never needed correction.  Pierre Berton.

3. The concept of being subject to “known” law seems to derive in UK and thus in Canada, from the principle of promulgation advanced by Saint Thomas Aquinas.  Webster includes a definition of promulgate stating, “to make known or public the terms of (a proposed law)” and “to put (a law or rule) into action or force”.  In other words, law must be known in advance to allow the public to comply.  (Or, also in Canada, to contest it as void or ultra vires.)  The Orders in Council of William Lyon Mackenzie King banning the National Unity Part of Canada and then “declaring” Arcand and his men members of an illegal association (by surprise while they were imprisoned), were not “law,” but a trap.  Arcand and his men were not allowed to comply in advance because it wasn’t passed as law, which in Canada undergoes debate in the Legislature and is promulgated when passed.  Mackenzie King was notorious in his day for ruling by decree using Orders in Council, which is what George Drew is referring to when he promises to restore the “rule of law” as opposed to Liberal dictatorship.  In other words, when Arcand, in his 1957 Memorandum and Request, talks about “tyranny” and “despotism”, he isn’t kidding.  He’s talking about the Liberals, who then as now have no liking for Parliament or democratic procedures.  AAB

4. Drew possibly means the charges laid were not proved in court before the men were interned, arbitrarily.  AAB

5. This being 1953, and Fred Rose being in jail for espionage, Drew must be alluding to the obvious… that Communists can hardly take office in Canada (their oaths being void) since they work for a foreign power geared to overthrow the country.  AAB

6. Not on the Great Lakes, but a great story otherwise on point.  In my article, “Blockbuster: The Testimony of Patrick Walsh to the Un-American Activities Subcommittee (1953)” at my Anticommunist Archive, I said of Pat Walsh—a great Canadian defector from the Communists:

“Walsh, under Communist orders to get on a ship and become a member of the Canadian Seamen’s Union, is accompanied to the dock by his fellow Communists.

Shortly before the Mont Rolland lifts anchor to sail out of Montreal, the Communist strong-arms board the vessel, grab the hired galley boy with his baggage and throw him off the ship.  In his place, our man Walsh is brought aboard.  The Reds put Walsh in charge of Communist propaganda amongst the crew.  For his full-time Communist activities, Walsh receives the pay for the job of a galley boy, a job he now holds in name, but never does.  In his place, Communist sailors from deckside visit the galley each day on orders of Walsh’s fellow agitators.  The conscripted seamen obediently swab and paint the galley, and peel Walsh’s potatoes for him!  Walsh, a former student of Fred Rose (Soviet spy), hands free, teaches Communism to the sailors.”

7. In a footnote on page 160, in the section Labor/Travail, segment VIII “Critics of Government Repression”, Reg Whitaker, author of Official Repression of Communism During World War II (published January 1, 1986), offers more on George Drew’s opposition to internment by decree.  “Even George Drew, usually in favour of repression of Communists, spoke out eloquently against internment without trial:  Toronto Telegram, 7 November 1940 and Saturday Night, 16 November 1940.  Drew himself ran afoul of the regulations by criticizing government war policy, although the Liberals finally thought better of acting against a leading Tory.  PAC, Brooke Claxton Papers, Claxton to King, 12 October 1940: FRS, Vol. 30, file 13, 14 January 1940; Cook, ‘Freedom in Canada,’” 45-6.

At page 143, Whitaker also footnotes “Montreal Star, ‘Probe of Reds Urged by Drew.’ 15 November 1939; WLMK/M&N, Vol, 355, File 3814, J.A. Gibson, ‘Re: Defence of Canada Regulations,’ 23 May 1940.”  AAB


Source:  The file title of the George Drew typewritten speech transcribed above, in the files of the National Library and Archives of Canada, is: “Speech.  Pembroke [General election issues] – Manuscript 9 July 1953”.  It is archived in “362 ( 3 B ) SPEECHES 9-21 JULY, 1953,” “The Hon. George Drew fonds, p000000128.pdf Volume 315, File 361”, 5 pages.  The fifth page is covered in apparently randomly scribbled names of people and organizations.  I haven’t given you a “part” of the speech, I’ve given you everything the Archives gave to me, this “part” seems to be all they have.

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New eBook: Memorandum and Request Re: Claims of Canadian Nationalists Against the Government of Canada for Unjust Internments submitted by Adrien Arcand, 1957

Memorandum And Request Re: Claims of Canadian Nationalists Against The Government of Canada for Unjust Internments

“Memorandum And Request Re: Claims of Canadian Nationalists Against The Government of Canada for Unjust Internments,” submitted by Adrien Arcand, 1957.  Download the free Flash flipbook, PDF and ePub in a zip file.

The download isn’t quite ready yet.  I’m giving you a preview, Arcand’s 1957 text from the upcoming eBook, with a 1930 Editorial and a few cartoons to illustrate why the Liberals would have interned Arcand and his men, in part as “political revenge”.  It’s been a hairy three days, sleepless with a party animal under my window all night before Canada Day, who lives in a condo upstairs; then a plumbing emergency at 7:00 a.m. for a pipe-leak in the laundry room, and that’s all it took to delay the big celebration.  But, it’s coming, excuse me!  Hang in there!  More is on the way.

The Memorandum and Request is not a translation.  This is Adrien Arcand writing in English.

 

MEMORANDUM AND REQUEST RE:

Claims of Canadian Nationalists Against The Government of Canada for Unjust Internments”

submitted by Adrien Arcand

Draft dated 1957 by the Archivist in Special Collections at Vanier Campus,
Concordia University.  See citation below the document.

Cartoons from Arcand’s magazines and excerpts from documents and
correspondence are added to illustrate Arcand’s points.
Pagination follows the new eBook.

L-R:  William Lyon Mackenzie King, Ernest Lapointe, PC

L-R:  William Lyon Mackenzie King and Ernest Lapointe, PC.  William Lyon Mackenzie King, “our American Prime Minister” in WWII, interned Arcand and his men without proof and without trial.  Meanwhile, Ernest Lapointe, PC, a top adviser to Mackenzie-King on legal affairs, Quebec and French-speaking Canada, apparently tried to frame Arcand before the arrests for violating war-time regulations as Editor in Chief of a newspaper, L’Illustration Nouvelle.

The claimants are members of the National Unity Party of Canada. (Appendixes I & II) of the present document explain the origin of this educational group, and the reason why it dealt with the politically dangerous Jewish question.

The claimants have been interned during the last war for periods from one year to over five years. As they all have affirmed in their petitions of right, their internments were unjust and unjustified, despotic tyrannic, ordered without any semblance of reason or pretext, for motives of political revenge. All avenues of justice to which loyal citizens and faithful subjects of His (then) Majesty the King are entitled under a British system and tradition of law, were closed to them. In their case, all prerogatives and privileges issuing from the Magna Carta, from their citizenship and even from the Canadian Parliament were sus-pended – whilst granted to other internees or associations –, and the letters de cachet issued against them were extorted from the King by willful deception of His Majesty. When their judi-cial cases were to be taken up by the Court of the Exchequer, the Deputy-Minister of Justice, Mr. J. P. F. Varcoe was in-structed to raise a point of law which could be summed up thus: “The claimants have been interned by an Order in Council, viz.: by the King, and since the King can do no wrong, the claimants cannot prosecute”. This closed the door to any trial on facts through which, with official parliamentary and governmental documents, the claimants could prove that H.M. the King had been deceived by his Minister of Justice for Canada (the Rt. Hon. J. Ernest Lapointe, who had been waging for years a per-

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personal feud against Adrien Arcand for the latter’s anti-Liberal campaigns of 1930 and 1935 for Bennett, of 1935, 1936 for Duplessis). When that point of law was raised, the claimants, after consulting with their legal councillors, came to the conclusion that their judicial effort was still kept in the political realm, that the political party in power which had taken the responsibility of punishing them could not admit that it had been wrong, and that nothing could be expected before a change of political regime. That change having happened, the claimants have decided to resume their request for a redress in court on FACTS and see if, under a non-Liberal regime, the expression “British justice and fair play” means more than under a Liberal government.

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Synopsis

OF FACTS AND EVENTS

For several months prior to the Second World War (Sept. 3, 1939), the National Unity Party of Canada campaigned against “a plot to impose a new world war upon humanity”, publishing prints 1 and organizing meetings in several provinces to that effect, affirming with numerous quotings that it was intended to spread communism which had been established in the First World War. The party leader, Adrien Arcand, had redacted 2 in May 1939 an article which was printed in more than 400 periodicals throughout the world; after numerous quotations from numerous books, speeches and editorials from Jewish world leaders and publications, the article went on: “so, war is announced as made inevitable and imperative by those people, if western statesmen are light-headed to fall in for it and throw humanity into a new world war desired and willed by the Jews, what will be the outcome of it? The spreading of communism over Europe, its overwhelming of exhausted, mutilated and ruined western nations, of many crushed states and shattered peoples.” This drew against the claimants and their movement an unprecedented broadside of smearing from the communist and Jewish press of Canada, faithfully repeating the slogans screamed in the House of Commons and across the country by Mr. Fred Rose, M.P., Secretary Caiserman of the Canadian Jewish Congress and a United States citizen known by the name of Rabbi Eisendrath, of Toronto. – (In the first few weeks that followed the declaration of a state of war, according to “The Forrestal Diaries”, Sir Neville Chamberlain stated that…“Poland was no cause of war either for France or the

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1 This is “franglais”, a French word converted to English. He’s thinking in French: “imprimés,” (“prints”) printed papers.
2 This is more “franglais”. By “redacted” Arcand means that he “wrote,” he “drafted”.

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United Kingdom… England was forced into this war by Washington and the world Jews”. Which statement is not yet accounted for as a possible reason for his unexpected and premature passing away, and later the unexpected sad end of James Forrestal who had dared reproduce it in his Diaries).

– – – – –

When Great Britain issued its second ultimatum to Germany, the Council of the National Unity Party was summoned on the same day, Sept. 2, 1939, for an appraisal of the situation and of policy. Rightly or wrongly, the party leadership saw in the German move into Poland the last step to meet the Soviet armed forces, which had been forewarned by the leaps across Austria and Czechoslovakia, the immediate preparation for a fight to a finish with communist Russia as forewarned by the Anticomintern Pact, the Third Reich leitmotiv of “Drag Nach Osten” and its frequent allusions to the necessity of “Lebensraum” and of developing “the plains of Ukraine and the mines of Caucasus” for western Europe’s needs. It was felt that the best interest of Canada and of the Empire would be to keep their strength intact whilst Germany and the USSR would wear out and exhaust themselves, by striving for localizing the conflict; that a generalization of the conflict would in the end make us fight only for the survival of the USSR and the spreading of Communism everywhere with a corresponding destruction of Christian civilization. Consequently, the following was agreed upon and the Leader was requested to instruct the Party accordingly: 1. The British prestige makes it impossible to withdraw her second ultimatum to Germany and war is certain; Canada will inevitably be drawn into that war; when Germany engages a conflict with the Soviet Union, it is evident common sense that Britain will not allow the destruction of the balance of power upon which the Empire rests and in which it finds its justification; 2. When Canada becomes in a war, unity of political pur-pose and action will be imperative for as long as that state en-

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dures, and a Union government will most probably be formed and with which all political entities will have to cooperate; 3. The National Unity Party having no official responsibility nor representation in the House of Commons and being known to deal with the influence of world Jewry in national and international affairs, and the coming war being related with the Jewish question, it will be wiser for the N.U.P., in order not to embarrass the government in power, to suspend its publications and public activities for the duration of the war. – Immediately after that council meeting, the latter issued instructions for the cessation of publications and public activities, which instructions were transmitted throughout Canada by telephone, telegram and mail. After Canada had been voted into a state of war by Parliament, the war-time censor of the French press paid a visit to Adrien Arcand, then Editor of L’Illustration-Nouvelle, in his office, stating he had come under special instructions from the Rt. Hon. J. Ernest Lapointe, to loan him (Arcand) a copy of the War Regulations and warn him that his paper was under particular surveillance. Later, the same censor addressed a letter of severe reprimand to Arcand because, in reporting the naval battle of La Plata, L’Illustration-Nouvelle had printed that the German cruiser Graf Spee was … “an enemy ship”, the letter saying that such an expression was beyond all limits and threatening the paper with due action if another breach of the war regulations were committed. After that baffling letter, no other correspondence was received from the censor.

As the then “Phoney War” dragged along, Mr. Fred Rose, M.P., published a booklet under the title of “Hitler’s Fifth Column in Canada”, attacking the claimants and their organization as led, controlled, organized, financed, etc., by Hitler or his government or his party. Already in 1937, in his yearly report (“Not for Publication”) to the Canadian Jewish Congress, reading the report of the ‘Committee of Public Relations’ of the B’Nai B’Rith and CJC, said and had it mimeographed that ‘The Committee had succeeded in making the Canadian public believe

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that Arcand’s movement was a German affair’ (which had been denied many times in public meetings and publications of the party). That kind of propaganda was carried on with an increasing intensity in the communist, socialist and Jewish press until the Spring of 1940.

Meanwhile, in October 1939, a party member of military rank was instructed to offer to the Department of Defense the im-mediate formation of a whole brigade from among the party membership for the defense of Canada. Major-General Laflèche acknowledged the letter with thanks and a commendation for loyalty, advising individual enlistment in existing regiments. Several party members who offered their services were not accepted because, as they were answered orally and in writing, they “were against international Jewry”.

By the end of April 1940, Lord Lothian, British Ambassador to Washington, sent to Montreal someone to ask Arcand “Can you pull through?” after telling that the pressure of the Jews and F.D.R. against you is so great that you will have to be interned for the duration”. He added: “You will be arrested in about thirty days”.

On May 28, 1940, about nine months after the beginning of the War, the claimants were arrested, charged, denied bail and brought to preliminary enquiry. This enquiry, with the postponements, lasted for three weeks, and no shred of evidence relating to the charge was ever brought by the only witness to be heard and for whose cross-examination no opportunity was given to the defense. The preliminary inquiry was abruptly postponed sine die by the presiding judge who overruled the protests of the defense.

The claimants were sent back to jail, denied bail again and ordered to be kept incommunicado. While they were in jail, under a postponement sine die of their preliminary inquiry, an Order

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in Council was passed making the National Unity Party illegal, and another Order in Council passed for their internment for their being members of an illegal association. The official pretext for outlawing the party was that it was “suspected of intending to take power by force or violence”; such a pretext was ridicule to the utmost since the official party program, regulations of membership and constant teachings condemned formally the preaching and use of force or violence in all situations, and particularly that relating to the assumption of political power.

On the same day that the internment of the claimants was announced to the public, the Rt. Hon. J. Ernest Lapointe, Minister of Justice, speaking in the House of Commons, explained the motives of his government for issuing the Orders in Council. Profiting by the fact that his victims were in no position possible to answer, he deceitfully spoke of a plot to seize power by force after which he was to be executed. “I have ordered their internment so that we know they are not at large”. He also said: “It is not the only PUNISHMENT that they will incur, for after the war they will undergo trial on the charges proffered against them”. He stated that the internments would last for the duration.

For several months, at Petawawa internment camp, the claim-ants were invited to appeal for their liberation to a Commission of Inquiry, which invitations they declined.

When pressed and urged to agree to appeal by the authority of the camp, they answered that they had lost all faith in the integrity, morality and honour of the political power then in office, but that they would willingly refer their particular case to H. M. The King if the military would agree to transfer their explanations to their Supreme Commander in Chief or his representative the Governor General. The camp commandant declared himself agreeable to such transfer, and the claimants gave him a

8

letter to the Sovereign containing the following:

  1. The only forms supplied for appeal are intended, in their printed headings, for “enemy aliens” and “prisoners of war”. The internees, feeling that they are neither “enemies” nor “aliens” nor “prisoners of war” cannot accept to use such forms.

  2. The Minister of Justice is the highest and final appeal to rule over the recommendation of the Commission of enquiry hearing the internees. The said Minister of Justice has notified the nation officially that we internees would be captive for the duration of the war, so lodging an appeal in our particular cases, would be a mockery of justice.

  3. As internees we have to answer questions under oath; as defendants in a criminal court, under a preliminary enquiry simply postponed, our right not to answer is jeopardized by the obligation to answer if we appeal from our internments. So that all avenues of justice have been closed to us, a situation which we lay at the foot of the Throne.

For the above reasons, it is impossible for us to appeal from our internments. Yet, if Your Majesty deems it fit for us to appeal, for reasons of obedience, service and good order, we shall.

After several weeks, the camp commandant came with an answer which he said had been through the Secretary of State 3 and had orders to read to the claimants as many times as they would. In the secrecy of an empty hut surrounded by guards; he asked the claimants to memorize the letter since he could not leave the document with them nor let them touch it or copy it. The letter gave to understand that the claimants were not enemy
__________
3 The “Secretary of State” is a government minister for foreign relations. AAB

9

aliens nor prisoners of war, but rather political prisoners who, having not been condemned or sentenced, could not be placed in prisons or penitentiaries; that, for certain reasons which they could surmise, they were put under the “protection” of the Geneva Convention.4 And the letter advised them to enter appeal of their internments, against their loathing it, answering them that they would receive true justice.

The claimants have appeared before the Commission set up for hearing the appeals of the internees.

Those commissions proved to be, rather than bodies reaching for the truth, simply enterprises for intellectual trapping, trying to extort from internees answers which would justify their internment. In many instances, the questioners ordered the answers to be put off the record because they might compromise politicians in office. The claimants, interned as suspects of intending to take power by force, were questioned for hours on all kinds of irrelevant and often silly subjects and not on the motives alleged for their internment.

In the first months of 1941,6 the department of war services published and distributed throughout Canada, in both languages, a booklet entitled “Canadians All” – “Tous Canadiens”, under the authority of the Minister of that department and with the coat-of-arms of Canada. That booklet described the claimants as members of an organisation founded by Germany in Canada, financed by Berlin, inspired by and under the leadership of the German government. When, after several months,
__________
4 The Geneva Convention is an agreement first drawn up in Geneva in 1864 and later revised concerning the treatment of captured and wounded military personnel and civilians in wartime. AAB
5 Ernest Lapointe was Liberal Justice Minister when the booklet defaming Arcand and the NUPC was produced. Lapointe was in office from October 23, 1935 to November 26, 1941. Louis Saint-Laurent was Justice Minister next from De-cember 10, 1941 to December 9, 1946. AAB

10

Adrien Arcand received a copy of that booklet, he immediately wrote to his lawyer instructions to apply for a Writ of Prohibition for the cessation of publication and the repeal of circulation of the said booklet by the Government of Canada, and to take proceedings against the government for libel and defamation. It was evident that the government of Canada had published the said booklet only to justify the internment and its continuation of the claimants, in the public opinion. After two weeks, the Petawawa Camp censor (Sgt. Marquand) summoned Arcand to his office and informed him that his letter would not be transmitted to his solicitor, as per orders from Ottawa.

Shortly after that, Brig. General Woods,6 national commissioner of the R.C.M.P., in a report to the Minister of Justice and tabled in the House of Commons, stated that The National Unity Party was essentially a Canadian movement, after having given the foreign connections of the Communist Party of Canada, the Canadian Fascio and the Canadian German Bund.

In the summer of that same year (1941), a parliamentary committee of the House of Commons was appointed, under the chairmanship of the Hon. Mr. Robichaud, Minister of the Department of Fisheries, to hear the appeals of outlawed organizations against the Orders in Council making them illegal.

The National Unity Party was the first to enter appeal but the chairman of the committee would never grant it a hearing, and house publications give no indication that the Hon. Mr. Robichaud even showed his correspondence with Adrien Arcand to the Committee. The Communist Party of Canada, the wit-
__________
6 Keep in mind again, this is a typed draft from 1957; this may be a typographical error. Arcand might mean Stuart S. Wood of the RCMP, or he might mean Mr. W. S. Woods, C.M.G., a Deputy Minister. It’s difficult to clarify, because it is hard to find anything using the search form for historical Hansard at parl.canadiana.ca. Also, that form searches OCR’d materials, and OCR is not always perfect. AAB

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nesses of Jehova and Technocrats, Inc. were granted a hearing and relieved of the illegality decreed against them.

After months of vain communications tried in various ways to reach the then Minister of Justice, the Hon. L. S. Saint-Laurent, three ladies, Mrs. H. Bouchard, Mrs. G. Lanctôt and Mrs. M. Gatien succeeded in reaching him in his home in Quebec City. They had tried everywhere in the department to have an answer to a clear-cut question: for what wrongs are our husbands kept interned? To which Mr. Saint-Laurent answered: “Mesdames, I do not know any more than you for what reasons your husbands are interned, and I do not know any more than you do when they will be released.

In 1953 7 Mrs. A. Arcand obtained a special permit to visit her husband in Fredericton internment camp. The only purpose of that visit was to notify him to get prepared to come out, for it had been arranged with a personal friend and… a minister of the Crown that Arcand’s release would be ordered within a fortnight for a sum of $10,000.00. The repulsive deal was “killed” in the camp.

Arcand was the last member of the National Unity Party to be released, July 3rd, 1945. Fred Rose, M.P., two days later petitioned the Minister of Justice for hanging Arcand after due trial for being a traitor and a spy in the service of a German fifth column. Arcand and his friends also requested that their
__________
7 The year is unclear, it looks as though a “4” was typed over by a “3”. “1953” or “1954” is a typographical error in Arcand’s manuscript. He was released on 3 July 1945, so the visit from his wife was more likely in 1943 or 1944. Jean Côté says an attempt was made on Arcand’s life by poisoning in the camp. Did his wife try to bring him home before or after the attempt? Another document in Jean Côté (1994) suggests that a Liberal minister initiated the $10,000.00 offer to release Arcand. See: “Gérard Pelletier fausse la vérité”. (This title is odd, however; it doesn’t seem to reflect the article’s contents.)

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preliminary enquiry started in 1940 and postponed sine die be resumed so that they could be judged in regular courts. On October 1st, 1945, the Minister of Justice, the Hon. Mr. Saint-Laurent issued an official statement which was distributed to the press. The statement announced that the government would not carry on legal proceedings against Arcand and his friends on the following grounds:

  1. The charges, dating from 1940, might be found stale.

  2. If the accused were found guilty, the maximum sentence would be less than half the time they have been in captivity.

  3. The trials would probably not end in a way which certain people desire.

  4. “In the case of Mr. Arcand and his friends, I had an enquiry made by the Deputy Minister of Justice, Mr. J. P. F. Varcoe, and Mr. Gérald Fauteux, Crown Prosecutor. The report on that enquiry revealed that never did Mr. Arcand and his friends, directly or indirectly, in the least way possible, injure the war effort.8

The claimants then petitioned the Chief Justice of the Court of
__________
8 The precise statement on Arcand was this, also reported by Pat Walsh in a letter in 1963: “There is no evidence that his activities or those of the party in fact did any injury or in the slightest degree prejudiced the successful prosecution of the war.” See page 590, Debates of the House of Commons, First Session—Twentieth Parliament, in years 9-10 George VI, 1945, Volume I, 1945, available at Canadiana.org. Adrien Arcand and his men were obviously “set up” for incarceration without grounds by 1) the Canadian Jewish Congress, 2) a Soviet spy sitting as a federal MP, Fred Rose(nberg) who two days after Arcand’s release on 3 July 1945, asked for him to be tried and “hanged” for “treason”, and 3) by the Liberals who, to this day, continue their unrelenting attack on the country for these same Red-Zionist interests. Eventually, Rose himself was tried and found guilty of treason, but he wasn’t executed as he had wanted the innocent Mr. Arcand to be.

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the Sessions of the Peace to order the continuation of their preliminary enquiry postponed sine die against their opposition in 1940. In a written decision, the Chief Justice stated that the postponement sine die of the preliminary enquiry had had the effect of taking the cases off the roll, that the judge presiding in 1940 (Mr. De Serres) was dead, that there was nothing left over which to issue an order about, etc., etc.

The claimants requested the Governor General to grant them petitions of right for claiming damages for unjust and unjustified internment against the Canadian government in the court of the Exchequer. The petitions were granted.

In order to prepare their cases the claimants, through their solicitor, requested copies of certain documents in the possession of the Department of Justice, especially the R.C.M.P. Those documents are false reports, fabrications, malicious inventions, deceptive memoranda, etc., addressed to authorities of and in the Department of Justice, emanating from official Jewish sources, especially the public relations committee of the B’Nai B’Rith and Canadian Jewish Congress, which documents have been used to deceive the King and his Council, and have been effective in influencing them into prosecuting, smearing, defaming and keeping in prolonged captivity some of His Majesty’s loyal and faithful subjects. In the request of the claimants, Mr. Varcoe, the Deputy-Minister, wrote that such documents were confidential and privileged, and he could not issue copies of them.

A few days before the date set for the hearing of the claimants’ case in the Court of the Exchequer, the Deputy-Minister of Justice notified the claimants that he would raise a point of law before any hearing on facts. That point of law summed up to the axiom “The King can do no wrong”.

The claimants, in search of establishing truth and justice would

14

not fall into that political trap set under a judicial dressing, knowing that they had been willfully wronged by ministers who wronged the King in deceiving him—the whole of which can only be established by producing documents in a case of facts. They decided to await a change in government, since the culprit politicians would always manipulate the official power at their disposal for perpetuating the wrongs done to the claimants and prevent a true discharge of justice.

The Hon. George Drew, speaking in a public meeting in Pembroke, Ont., on the 9th of July 1953, stated about it all: “In the last war, men were thrown in concentration camps without any charge brought against them, and they were denied any resort to the courts of the country. After these men had been kept in captivity for long years, it was found out that they were innocent. And no compensation was offered them for the many wrongs done to them” (Canadian Press).

– – – – –

For all of the above, the Claimants respectfully petition the Minister of Justice to:

  1. See to it that, at long last, avenues of justice be open to them.

  2. Allow them to proceed on facts in their cases against the Canadian Government in the Court of the Exchequer.

  3. Allow them permission to obtain copies of all the deceptive documents against them and addressed to the authorities of the Department of Justice by Jewish agencies, such documents being not privileged unless the said agencies are sworn officials and members of the Department.

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    4. Allow not expediency to supersede the justice owed by the Sovereign to his loyal subjects as fundamental basis of order, a superseding which was committed and prolonged for years by the Liberal Party in office to the detriment of the claimants.

(Adrien Arcand)

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Appendix I

Adrien Arcand — born in Montreal. Age 58. Journalist.

In 1929, started weekly papers of his own and a youth political association which were to combat left liberalism, socialism and communism, both the papers and the movement, responding to a need, met with quick success.

In 1930, R. B. Bennett, then leader of the Conservative opposition, summoned Arcand to Ottawa to ascertain whether he could get his support in the coming federal election. Arcand agreed upon one only condition: that the government do really something to counteract the fast increasing red propaganda and organisation. Arcand teamed his efforts with those of J. H. Rainville, and the Bennett government came into office thanks to 24 seats won in Quebec.

In 1931, Bennett began to counter the Komintern action in Canada: application of Art. 98 Criminal Code, embargo on products from the USSR, etc. Once, after an interview in his office with Sen. Jos. Rainville and Senate Speaker P. E. Blondin, he told Arcand: you deal with the Jewish question as related to the origins, expansion and financing of socialism and communism, and you are right. Yet, you don’t know one hundredth of the evil they inflict upon our world. On that question, you will never go too far, go to the last limits. I have to rub elbows with them and I know quite a bit. I cannot raise that question in the House but if it ever be, the whole country will know where I stand and you will be satisfied. The anti-Red campaign continued with increasing vigor, corresponding with the increase of Red propaganda and agitation during those economically dark days. In 1932, Arcand’s printing plant was completely destroyed in a third attempt of sabotage and incendiary. Bennett helped equip another one through John C. Newman and Rainville.

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In 1934, Arcand was asked by Bennett if he would take charge and begin preparing the Conservative propaganda for French Canada for the 1935 election. He agreed to it. Sir Robert Bor-den wrote of that work (Memoranda for organizers, speakers’ manuals, weekly bulletins addressed to partisans and advertisements): “In its whole history never has the Conservative party been equipped in Quebec with more thorough and enlightening presentation. The unfortunate result is to be found in other causes”.9 In Sept. 1934, Bennett hinted that, after the 1935 session, there might be changes in the Cabinet and he asked Arcand how he would react to the idea of being Minister of Labor and a candidate in Montreal-St. Mary’s. There ensued a long conversation. Arcand: “Communism, the ultimate conclusion of the Liberal idea, is out to conquer the world and will attract in its orbit the cooperation or at least the passive laisser-faire of all schools of reddism. The more Liberalism will go left, the more Conservatism will have to go right, for the only answer to internationalism is nationalism. I think my generation will have to face the final onslaught of both ideas in their extreme form. Out of Conservatism there must spring a more rightist group, just as Liberalism gave birth to Socialism, or else our Conserva-tives too much in earnest may flock leftwise. I think I would be more useful in such a movement which [I] intend to create out-right”. Bennett only said: “You may be right, who knows? The future is such a riddle”.10
__________
9 The “unfortunate result” would seem to be that the Liberals lost the election. AAB
10 In The Universal Republic (1950), Arcand said: “But for the leaders in authority, the directors, the elites, there is no excuse for blindness, incomprehension and lack of vision. Since ‘to govern is to foresee’, their role and duty as rulers or leaders is to clearly foresee the inevitable consequences of the actions of men.” La République Universelle: “Mais pour les chefs en autorité, pour les dirigeants, les élites, il n’y a pas d’excuse à l’aveuglement, à l’incompréhension, au manque de vision. Puisque ‘gouverner c’est prévoir’, leur rôle et leur devoir de gouvernants ou de chefs est de prévoir clairement les conséquences inévitables des actes posés par les hommes”. AAB

18

After 1935, Arcand participated actively in all political campaigns, provincial and federal (except when interned), against the Reds of all shades, and considers it an honor to be held as a curse by them.

19

Appendix II
THE NATIONAL UNITY PARTY OF CANADA

In the Fall of 1934, a nationalist political association founded by Adrien Arcand and some of his friends was launched in Montreal under the name of Parti National Social Chrétien. It was intended to deal only with federal politics and to combat in all circumstances Liberalism & its offshoots Socialism and Communism in the Province of Quebec.

Up to 1938, similar groups cropped up in other Canadian provinces, as a reaction to Communist propaganda, the sitting strikes and violence of the mid thirties and the Spanish Civil War.

Those various groups got in touch with one another and, after long negotiations, decided to try and merge into a national organisation.

A convention was called and delegates from eight provinces met for the formation of committees to prepare resolutions in Toronto. Empowered delegates declared the eight provincial separate parties dissolved and founded a new national organization called the National Unity Party of Canada, with a torch as its emblem and the word “Serviam” as its motto. A program was adopted, rules were drafted, and Adrien Arcand, the only name suggested by all delegations for leadership, was chosen unanimously. As predecided by the delegates, all documents were signed by chief delegates in Kingston, Ont., for historical reasons, on July 1st 1938.

The National Unity Party operated as a school of thought from its inception until September 2, 1939 when its activities and publications were suspended.


POLITICAL CARTOONS

Long before Facebook “memes,” there was Adrien Arcand.

On January 31st, 1930, in “The Editorial Corner,” under the title “The Strength of an Idea”, Adrien Arcand announced (translation):  “A healthy and vigorous idea, well directed and well launched, can accomplish more than all the combinations and all the capital in the world; like the drop of water that always strikes the same place, with the same fore, it can pierce the hardest rock, overcoming the most tenacious opposition.  With this in mind, with a well set goal, I decided one day to launch the “Goglu”, with no other capital than my humble wooden pen, but supported and aided by the ideal printer, a devout patriot, a brilliant organizer, the complement and necessary adjunct …”.

On May 30th, 1930, illustrating the effectiveness of Arcand’s Le Goglu, the following headline appears on the front page of Le Goglu:

“The Clique Set the Fire”

There were sub-headings and a conclusion (translation):  “They set a second fire in our workshops, causing heavy damage.”  “A real petty attack”  “Five employees, surprised by the sudden flames, were hard-pressed to save their lives.”

WE WILL BEAT THEM NONETHELESS.

By “Clique,” Arcand means the Liberals.  The triumphant lead story continues and we now see precisely why these Liberals might have had “political revenge” in mind while interning Arcand and his men in 1940:

“The people of this province were plunged into keen distress last week, when the news spread like a lit fuse to the four corners of the country: “The Goglu is on fire!” Telegrams, phone calls and letters arrived by thousands from almost every county asking if the people’s newspaper, which has never yet been gagged, would publish nonetheless.

As our readers have noted, and once again will note this week, the Goglu is the most stalwart bird and always emerges unscathed from traps that are set for it, from attacks waged against it. Likewise, the valiant “Miroir” and the funny little “Chameau” have published and will publish again, to the greatest bewilderment and definitive downfall of the Clique.

After a meticulous and carefully conducted investigation, we can say that, as with the first fire set in our workshops nine months ago, the one last week was an act of violent-tempered vengeance by the Clique. From our first week of publication, we have been in a running battle against the most violent attacks by the Clique which sensed in us, from the start, the force which would break it into a thousand pieces like fragile porcelain, in spite of its extraordinary power. There were threats, lawsuits, financial combinations, offers, seamy proposals, ultimatums, disguised attacks, a first fire, the considerable fire of last Tuesday, then even worse threats. But we always emerged unscathed, more courageous and determined to achieve our duty until the end. Each time, adversity strengthened our energy and our convictions, each new misfortune redoubled our ardor, for we will never cease believing that good faith, honesty, frankness, justice and patriotism will always triumph over perfidy, crookedness, lies, intimidation and treason. The necessity of our cause is enough to sustain us and we will give all that a man can give of himself to arrive at our triple objective: the purification of our political practices dirtied by the Clique, the economic restoration of the country, betrayed in every way by the Clique, and the dominance of the French-Canadian on the soil of his fathers.

The fire last Tuesday night, according to our investigation, was lit deliberately by someone who was instructed to do so. A flammable liquid, apparently benzol, supplied by a paid bandit for the Clique, was used to spread the flames. The arsonist, who knew the place, chose the area most favorable to his criminal work: the bindery department, where huge masses of paper were stacked. In the twinkling of an eye, the immense room became an inferno, where 42,000 copies of the “Chameau” and 35,000 copies of the “Goglu” were consumed that had been printed in advance, and considerable works consisting of luxury editions, hundreds of copies of books, in short over $9,000 in printed matter alone, not counting precious, unique collections. Superb pieces of machinery were distorted, causing huge losses. Traveling to the upper floor, the flames and smoke continued their ravages in considerable proportions.

It took only a few seconds to incur these fatal losses, because five of our employees were busy with their presses whose noise prevented them from hearing the criminal enter. They were suddenly surprised by the flames and barely had time to escape by a staircase which then went up in a raging fire. Fortunately for all, and especially for the treacherous Clique, they all escaped without any injury. A charming little dog, named Goglu, spent the night in the burnt-out room, hosed by the water jets, and was found the next morning, to general stupefaction and joy, alive and well. It can hardly be understood except as a symbol of the fact that anything called Goglu will withstand the worst attacks.

But the Clique will be back, we are warned. It will always arrive with the same treacherousness, “by a back door”, secretly, at night. The blows will be hard, we know, it will take everything a man can deploy of courage to resist, but we will resist. We know how far the Clique can go in terms of crookedness and crime, but that doesn’t frighten us. We know the Clique has Jewry, the underworld, banditry, and dirty money at its disposal; we also know how far its offshoots go, and it will one day be the most astonishing surprise for our readers to learn how some unsuspected people are in the ranks of the Clique, worshippers of the Golden Calf.

Our readers can count, as in the past, on our incorruptible loyalty, and if we are not always quite so funny or energetic, they will understand that physical fatigue can momentarily make itself felt by so many worries and assaults.

UNSIGNED Editorial.

No, this cannot be the successor to Laurier

No, this cannot be the successor to Laurier  (Mackenzie King, seen serving up the Canadian Pie to foreigners instead of keeping our wealth at home.) Le Goglu, July 11th, 1930

“Crush Him on Election Day!”

NO, THIS CANNOT BE THE SUCCESSOR TO LAURIER (Mackenzie King, seen serving up the Canadian Pie to foreigners instead of keeping our wealth at home.) Caption (translation): Our great Laurier was patriotic enough to defend our wealth against foreigners. But King, who took pleasure in destroying his work, has for 9 years passed laws to hand over all we have to foreigners. We do not recognize him as the successor to the great Canadian and the whole people will crush him on July 28th to replace him with devout patriot, Bennett. LE GOGLU, July 11th, 1930.


Mackenzie King, Enemy of the People.  18 July 1930, <i>Le Goglu</i>

Mackenzie King, Enemy of the People.  18 July 1930, Le Goglu

“Enemy of the People”

MACKENZIE KING, ENEMY OF THE PEOPLE. Extract from the Editorial with subtitles (translation:) How Mackenzie King shafted the workers before he came to power. A New Machiavelli. Official texts now make clear the reason for misery and unemployment. Persecution of the little fellow. Machiavelli, in the Middle Ages, taught Princes how to dash the hopes of the humble classes, how to keep them in tutelage, how to dominate those without power or influence. We think that in the 20th Century we have found a new Machiavelli who counsels and advises the Trusts, today’s powers, on how to keep the workers in servitude and dash their hopes. 18 JULY 1930, LE GOGLU.

CARTOON CAPTION: A MAN WITH HEART AND APPRECIATION. The province of Quebec supplied 62 MPs to Mr. King. The rest of all of Canada only gave him 56. When the time came for awards for the railways last year, Mr. King only gave Quebec $19,500,000 out of a total of $207,230,000 voted for all of Canada. This ingrate Prime Minister has always treated us this way. We need to unload him and replace him with Mr. Bennett, a man with a heart. “Mackenzie King, Enemy of the People”. LE GOGLU, July 18th, 1930.


William-Lyon Mackenzie King, our American Prime Minister

William-Lyon Mackenzie King, our American Prime Minister

“Our American Prime Minister”

WILLIAM LYON MACKENZIE KING, OUR AMERICAN
PRIME MINISTER.

CARTOON CAPTION: (Translation:) “Seen here in his true colors is he in whom Canada put its confidence and who for nine years has passed laws and tariffs only to benefit the USA, while imposing here American fruits, vegetables and industries, even killing our alcohol industry in deference to American prohibition; imposing on Canada the principle of American divorce courts, bleeding dry our metallurgical, textile and agricultural industries to encourage those of the United States, where he took his training at Chicago and Harvard Universities, where he served the interests of billionaires against the working class. He has passed laws in favor of the United States, New Zealand, Australia and the Empire, but not a single one in favor of Canada. Again, the Canadians want to chase out this damaging American who has brought us unemployment, ruin and misery in order to answer the comforting cry of the great patriot, Bennett: ‘Canada first!’.” Plaques on the wall: Rockefeller Institute; New Zealand. Source: Front page of LE GOGLU, July 25th, 1930.


Experiment by the American  <i>Goglu</i>, July 25th, 1930

A NEW EXPERIMENT BY THE AMERICAN  Goglu, July 25th, 1930

“A New Experiment by the American”

CARTOON CAPTION: A NEW EXPERIMENT BY THE AMERICAN. Floating at the caprice of a balloon inflated with bluff and unfulfilled promises, our American Prime Minister, Mackenzie King, has no pity for our so depressed Canada, when with the ridiculous parachute of the Dunning tariff, he launched the country on the most disastrous economic adventure of our history. LE GOGLU, July 25th, 1930


Headline: Taschereau Next!  Scenes of hysteria in the Grand Caucus Hall

Headline: Taschereau Next!  In the Grand Caucus Hall, says the cartoon, the Quebec Liberals, led by Alexandre Taschereau, gather to read the 1930 Federal Election Results.  The cartoon caption reads:  “SCENES OF HYSTERIA IN THE GRAND CAUCUS HALL”.  Hysteria as in panic.  Under the front-page headline, the subtitle reads:  “Having offloaded the American King, the Goglus will now scorch Smoked Herring.” (Goglu nickname of Taschereau).


SUMMARY: POLITICAL REVENGE

  1. Political revenge by Liberals for Arcand’s “anti-Liberal campaigns of 1930 and 1935 for Bennett, of 1935, 1936 for Duplessis)” (Arcand delivered Quebec to the Conservatives.)
  2. Political revenge by Jews, Communists and Jewish-controlled Roosevelt since Arcand widely published months before WWII his warning that the Jews were setting up a new war for communism (aka Jewish interests).

SUMMARY: ABUSES

  1. Denied Magna Carta (denied a trial; property confiscated and destroyed.)
  2. Denied their rights as citizens
  3. Imprisoned and interned arbitrarily (letters de cachet)
  4. Harassment from Justice Minister Lapointe at L’Illustration Nouvelle (looks like attempt to frame Arcand for violating war regulations)
  5. Arcand and NUPC attacked and branded as Nazis by communist and Jewish press.
  6. Arcand and NUPC attacked and branded as Nazis by communist MP Fred Rose.
  7. Arcand and NUPC attacked and branded as Nazis by Secretary Caiserman of Canadian Jewish Congress.
  8. Arcand and NUPC attacked and branded as Nazis by B’Nai B’Rith, who in 1937, internally claim they have succeeded in making Canadian public believe Arcand and NUPC a German instrument.
  9. Late April, 1940, Lord Lothian, British Ambassador in Washington, tells Arcand he and his men will be interned in 30 days’ time: pressure from Roosevelt. (Arcand knows this before the Canadian government knows it; obviously, once the King Liberals “knew” they were under orders from Roosevelt, they had to come up with a pretext to intern Arcand and his men.)
  10. Official pretext for outlawing the NUPC: “suspected of intending to take power by force or violence”. (Yet, after the war, no evidence of anything, thus no evidence is new pretext for still no trial.)
  11. In House of Commons, Lapointe claims Arcand & NUPC: plot to seize power by force and execute Lapointe: pretext for the illegal internment.
  12. Lapointe promises “fair trial” after the war; but none forthcoming.
  13. Arcand and his men unable to apply for a hearing because all the form are for “enemy aliens” and “prisoners of war”.
  14. Camp commandant admits they are “political prisoners”.
  15. Commissions set up to hear appeals from internments are fronts to fish for pretexts to confirm the illegal internments.
  16. Early 1941: King’s Liberal government slanders Arcand and his men in booklet alleging they are German organization: pretext to continue the illegal internments.
  17. Arcand is denied legal right to instruct his lawyer to file for prohibition against the booklet.
  18. Shortly afterward, likely Stuart Wood, RCMP commissioner, states no, they are a Canadian movement, not a foreign arm, like the communists.
  19. 1941, parliamentary committee fails to summon and hear its first applicant: Adrien Arcand. All others get a hearing, but not Arcand and his men.
  20. Wives of Arcand and interned men reach Louis Saint-Laurent, now Justice Minister, who says he has no idea why they are interned or when they will be freed.
  21. 1943 (circa), Arcand’s wife comes with news he is to be released in exchange for $10,000 to be paid by a friend: Arcand refuses to have his freedom purchased.
  22. Arcand is finally released on July 3rd, 1945, the last member of the NUPC to be freed from the “longest internment of its kind in the whole British Empire”.

New Free eBook:  Heading for Ottawa!  Canadian Corporatism (circa 1938):  The National Unity Party of Canada

Growing the Trusts

WHEN A LEADER HAS NO PRINCIPLES TO CULTIVATE.  Liberalism, supposed to fight for the underdog, has only aided exploitation of the people under the rotten regime (to use Laurier’s word) of Mackenzie King and Cardin.  This regime, whose principles ought to fight the trusts, does nothing but multiply them, and grow them along with their influence.  All the money is going to tyrannical trusts and the people, without work, poor, miserable, only serve to fatten the modern despots encouraged by Mackenzie King.
 
QUAND UN CHEF N’A PAS DE PRINCIPES A CULTIVER.  Le libéralisme, supposé combattre tout ce qui opprime le peuple, n’a fait qu’aider à exploiter le peuple sous le régime pourri (suivant le mot de Laurier) de Mackenzie King et Cardin.  Ce régime, dont les principes devraient combattre les trusts, ne fait que les multiplier, les grossir et augmenter leur influence.  Tout l’argent va aux trusts tyranniques et le peuple, sans ouvrage, pauvre, malheureux, ne sert plus qu’à engraisser ces despotes modernes encouragés par Mackenzie King

Arcand’s Goal:  Abolish Poverty

As a constitutional researcher, I had a keen desire to find out more about Adrien Arcand’s notion of a unitary Parliament without political parties, his Corporatist Parliament.  Material I have suggests he may have been onto something (parties may well be unconstitutional in the British system Canada inherited.  More another day.).

But reading Pierre Trépanier’s quite superb article from 1991, “La religion dans la pensée d’Adrien Arcand” (Religion in the thought of Adrien Arcand) in Les Cahiers dex dix (46), 207–247 (https://doi.org/10.7202/1015587ar), another chord was struck.  Critics of Arcand too easily focus on his Anti-semitism (which he himself defined quite differently from the way his critics do).  Detractors of Arcand boil him down to just another Hitler, says Trépanier (translation): “reducing to almost nothing the part played by the social, economic and political reforms that he proposed” (“ramenant à presque rien la part des réformes sociales, économiques et politiques qu’il proposait”).

Most important, Trépanier says that to analyze Arcand “the right way, it would be necessary to multiply precautions, to examine all possibilities and above all to be careful not to draw conclusions with too much certainty.”  He continues:  “One of these possibilities would be that the single-party regime –. corporatism and anti-Semitism in the actualization that Arcand would have given them — would have been subordinated to divine law, the control of the (Catholic) Hierarchy, and to the teachings of the social doctrine of the Church.  The French-Canadian version of fascism would have been much closer to a sort of authoritarian and modern Christendom than to the Third Reich.”1

Indeed, Arcand’s Canadian Corporatism refers to Christian values and to the love of God for His children as the motive to change the system.

When I saw Canadian Corporatism on container list number two in the Vanier Special Collections at Concordia, I remembered Arcand’s countless barbs of the 1930s in Le Goglu against all that oppresses the average individual.  So, below is Canadian Corporatism, a brief presentation of “the social, economic and political reforms” that Adrien Arcand and his National Unity Party of Canada proposed.

Throughout his editorials, and in his life, Adrien Arcand stuck up for the little guy.  He had a political objective:  to eliminate unemployment, poverty (la misère noire), exploitation of the workman, class warfare and financial ruin of the small enterprise by the piracy of speculators.  Arcand promoted a form of corporatism to preserve the Christian “ideas of God, religion, family, private property, initiative, social justice, order, morality, and spiritual values.”

In Canadian Corporatism, published circa 1938 by his National Unity Party of Canada — founded July 1st that year — Arcand explains how corporatism will “eliminate the middleman,” the exploiter and the speculator, in other words trusts and monopolies, and other abusers of the “little fellow.”  Canadian Corporatism would restore to the social classes their dignity, legitimate authority and legislative power in a Corporatist Parliament, says Arcand.

Canadian Corporatism would place wealth at the service of the nation, instead of the other way around.  It would put a fair share of the profits of all production into the hands of those who produced it by legislating a fair price and a fair wage.

In the cartoon above from the July 25th, 1930 issue of Adrien Arcand’s Le Goglu magazine, we see Liberal leader Mackenzie King as a farmer watering all the trusts to make them grow.  Arcand was a fierce opponent of King.  Who was King?  He was a Rockefeller agent working for the world-government crowd while in office, and employed by them in sinecures between his mandates.  King attended Conferences to set up the United Nations, which Saint-Laurent, his Justice Minister, addressed on 13 January 1946, stating it was “the basis of the world government” required to stop the wars.  (But apparently, it has had no effect on the 71-year war of genocide against the innocent Palestinians by the Zionists.)

I hope you enjoy these fascinating political ideas from 1938, explained in Heading for Ottawa! Canadian Corporatism.  The whole text of the pamphlet is below.  You can also download Canadian Corporatism as a free eBook (Flash flipbook, PDF and epub in a zip folder).

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1.  Trépanier, in French at page 209 of “La Religion…”:  “En bonne méthode, il faudrait multiplier les précautions, examiner toutes les possibilités et surtout se garder de conclure avec trop d’assurance.  L’une de ces possibilités serait que le régime du parti unique, le corporatisme et l’antisémitisme dans la réalisation qu’Arcand leur aurait donnée auraient été subordonnés à la loi divine, au contrôle de la Hiérarchie et aux enseignements de la doctrine sociale de l’Église.  La version canadienne-française du fascisme aurait ainsi été beaucoup plus proche d’une sorte de chrétienté autoritaire et moderne que du IIIe Reich.”  Trépanier, P. (1991). La religion dans la pensée d’Adrien Arcand. Les Cahiers des dix, (46), 207–247.  https://doi.org/10.7202/1015587ar

INTRODUCTION

Canadian Corporatism:  An English draft version discovered in Special Collections at Concordia University

Canadian Corporatism is presented on the road to the 74th anniversary of Adrien Arcand’s release from WWII internment

RECONSTRUCTION

It’s hard to find a published English-language copy of Adrien Arcand’s Canadian Corporatism, a brochure produced by his National Unity Party of Canada circa 1938.

However, a nearly-complete English, typed draft with handwritten changes was found in the Adrien Arcand Collection in Special Collections at Vanier campus of Concordia University.  A photocopy of the 26 legal-size (8.5″ x 14″) typed pages was obtained.  Page one is missing.

The 26-page typed draft text of Canadian Corporatism (pages 2 through 27) was purchased along with a small lot of documents in Special Collections on Tuesday, 4 June 2019.

A French version, Corporatisme canadien, was published circa 1938 (BAnQ, National Collection, 324.2710938 A668c 1938 FOL).  The English-language Canadian Corporatism, from Concordia is marked date unknown.  Therefore, I am guessing that the English draft is circa 1938.  The French version was published in three columns per page on ledger-size paper (11″ x 17″), with illustrations.  The French copy was viewed and scanned in the Quebec Archives in Montreal on 16 January 2018.

To supply the missing English page one, I transferred my existing English translation of the corresponding French material from the BAnQ into the English transcript to obtain a “complete” English version of Canadian Corporatism, Adrien Arcand’s political program for Canada.

A word-processed transcript of the Concordia English document was begun on Monday evening, 10 June 2019, at 21:51 and finished at about 6:30 a.m. on Tuesday morning, 11 June 2019.  The handwritten changes were very legible, and were therefore included.  The occasional comma and one or two typographical corrections were added to the word-processed transcript.  For historical color, some of the front-page graphics from the published French edition have been included in the English translation of page one.

A question that researchers might ask about Canadian Corporatism would be, can this program from 1938 be updated in the current western context?


Here’s the citation for the 26-page document, Chicago style:

Document source: Author (Arcand, Adrien). (Draft) Canadian Corporatism / National Unity Party of Canada, [19–], identifier (C004). Box number 002, folder number or item number 402-427. Adrien Arcand Collection. Concordia University Library, Special Collections, location of repository (Montreal, Quebec, Canada.)

Heading for Ottawa! Canadian Corporatism, National Unity Party of Canada, 1938

Canadian Corporatism, National Unity Party of Canada

Canadian Corporatism, National Unity Party of Canada (Flash Flipbook)

Canadian Corporatism, National Unity Party of Canada:  Download the free Flash flipbook, PDF & ePub all in one zip folder.

Canadian Corporatism quickly explains the NUPC programme in 45 clear points.  Get the free eBook in a zip folder with Flash Flipbook, PDF and ePub.

Or read it now, below.  Pagination follows the free eBook.

CANADIAN CORPORATISM

Published by Adrien Arcand’s National Unity Party of Canada (circa 1938)

Reconstruction from a typed, hand-corrected draft

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

Canadian Corporatism:  An English draft version discovered
in Special Collections at Concordia University

Canadian Corporatism is presented on the road to the 74th
anniversary of Adrien Arcand’s July 3rd, 1945 release from
WWII internment by the Mackenzie-King Liberals.

RECONSTRUCTION OF THE DOCUMENT

It’s hard to find a published English-language copy of Adrien Arcand’s Canadian Corporatism, a brochure produced by his National Unity Party of Canada. However, a nearly-complete English typed draft with handwritten changes was found in the Adrien Arcand Collection in Special Collections at Concordia University. Page one is missing.

The 26-page typed draft text of Canadian Corporatism (pages 2 through 27) was purchased along with a small lot of documents in Special Collections on Tuesday, 4 June 2019.

A French version, Corporatisme canadien, was published circa 1938 (BAnQ, National Collection, 324.2710938 A668c 1938 FOL).  A scan was made of the French copy in the Quebec Archives in Montreal on 16 January 2018. The English-language Canadian Corporatism from Concordia is marked “date unknown”.  So, I am guessing the English draft is circa 1938.  To supply the missing page one, my existing English translation of the corresponding French material from the BAnQ was transferred into the English transcript to obtain a “complete” English version of Canadian Corporatism, originally a pamphlet edition summarizing Adrien Arcand’s political program for Canada.

– i –

FOREWORD

The reader would be well advised to take into account that the authors of this document were living in a typical pastoral society of the place and time, subject to religious dictates.  In the early 1930s, poverty and unemployment favored the emergence of right-wing parties around the world.

Adrien Arcand was active between the two world wars of 1914-18 and 1939-45, which caused millions of deaths.  In twenty-five years, the planet experienced an acceleration of violence in all its forms.

The leader of the National Unity Party of Canada, inspired by Father Lionel Groulx, waged a fierce battle against cruel capitalism, liberalism, and Judeo-communism.

The statements above were selected and translated from remarks of author Jean Côté in the opening pages of his 1994 book entitled Adrien Arcand, une grande figure de notre temps, ISBN 2-9801677-3-8, available at Archive.org.

On the same topic, French-speaking readers may find Pierre Trépanier’s Quel corporatisme ? (1820-1965) informative.  See: Trépanier, P. (1994). Quel corporatisme ? (1820-1965). Les Cahiers des dix, (49), 159–212.  https://doi.org/10.7202/1015617ar

Arcand torch Corporatism

Heading for Ottawa! Canadian Corporatism

A formula for economic and social reorganization submitted
to the Canadian people by the

NATIONAL UNITY PARTY of Canada

Canadian Corporatism TorchWE SUFFER, complain, are harassed by anxiety and uncertainty in every region of the country, in all milieux.

Governments come and go, each one as impotent as the last. Politicians would like to do something for the people who bring them to power, but they are powerless to keep their promises. The problem is not with the men but with the system. Being unable to do anything for the people, they work for themselves!

Changing the motorman of an outdated tramway or the driver of an old bus is not change. The vehicle itself must be changed. Changing the Members will never be a change if the new arrivals are obliged to do exactly as their predecessors.

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The major problem suffered throughout the country, the problem which threatens to swallow us all, comes from two main sources: 1.— the intervention of outside forces into the vital interior wheels of the nation (finance, credit, propaganda, price-fixing, and the control of certain social classes, etc.); 2.— the intervention of politics and government in areas that are not political.

There is too much politics, too much “government”, in economic and social life. Disorganized, deprived of national frameworks, Agriculture, Labor, Industry, Commerce, Fisheries, Mines, etc., are at the mercy of politics and politicians.

Economic and social activities are not political activities. They must be given their autonomy, their powers, their initiative and their right of self-determination. These activities can manage themselves under protection of a government that cooperates and regulates while neither exploiting nor plundering.

Restoring to the great social classes and to vital activities of the country those powers usurped by the politicians is the only way to eliminate the two great sources of problems mentioned above. No other solution is possible.

Canadian Corporatism alone is capable of delivering to the Canadian people this one solution, which must replace the revolting incapacity of the old parties and avoid the disorder and welter of Marxism (hidden behind the names of socialism, communism, bolshevism, anarchism, Sovietism, popular front, etc.).

Canadian Corporatism is the “real change” that the people have been crying out for for nearly twenty years. The National Unity Party of Canada announces this real change which is Canadian Corporatism, within order and lawfulness, by the consent of a free and enlightened electorate.

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Canadian Corporatism is the sole and only formula of true liberty and social justice, of security, progress, of prosperity, the control of Canadian life by Canadians. For the greatness of Canada and the happiness of Canadians, the National Unity Party of Canada desires its triumph.

PREFACE

In the seventh chapter of its programme, the National Unity Party of Canada proposes the establishment of a Corporatist system. The present pamphlet is published to give to the people a clear comprehension and a very definite vision of all that will happen when Canadian Corporatism is established.

When the world in 1914 was bathed in blood, it was said that this was to save Democracy. It was a lie, for the consequences of this war caused Democracy to perish in the majority of European countries, both allied and enemy.

Where it is not yet dead, Democracy is at its last gasp. Nothing any longer can save it. It is foundering slowly in corruption, in general disunion, ruin, anarchy, chaos; it will definitely perish. But the people do not wish to perish with it. The people wish to live. The people have not been created to serve political systems but political systems were created to serve the people. When they can no longer function, we change them.

Liberal-democracy is dying from one thing: from not being democracy. True democracy is what we have agreed to call government of the people, by the people and for the people. Liberal-democracy or the Party system is quite the contrary of true democracy. It is the exploitation and ruin of the people by political factions for the profit of the money powers. Present-day democracy is, in fact, the dictatorship of the powers of money. When we go back up all the steps of this organization, we find

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this supreme power commanding all the liberal democracies, the International Gold Bank, a Jewish institution.

Liberty! Liberty! Liberty! is the despondent cry which liberal democracy or the dictatorship of the money powers has used to enchain the masses of the people in the slavery of debt and interest, in unemployment, in national disunity, in the cult of hatred, in the gradual ruin of private property. It has been by shouting liberty that there have been taken away from the social classes the organizations and disciplines which protected them, that there has been taken away from national activities their own control, to hand it over to irresponsible politicians, babbling and incapable.

Based on a lie, that of national division, which breaks the organic unity of the people, paralyzes Power and causes decline of Authority, liberal-democracy has dislocated the whole national balance, has soiled all that it has touched, has led to political decomposition and general decadence, has delivered over the weak and defenseless to powerful egoists, has transformed the highest manifestation of civil life (government) into an orgy of corruption.

Springing from materialism, from the spirit of rebellion, from an individualism which denies the common good, liberal-democracy has only managed to realize one single thing: The establishment of the supreme and indisputable power of the Golden Calf, upon the ruins of the social classes which have been hurled against each other. It has made the money-god king of everything and of us all, by betraying truth, by upsetting the moral values and the higher principles of living.

Parliamentarianism is not liberal-democracy. The parliament, consultation, discussion existed long centuries before the arrival of liberal-democracy. Formerly parliaments were really national. With liberal-democracy, we have had only partisan or factional

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parliaments, representing only part of the people, while the other part, defeated in the elections, was punished by the privations of political or parliamentary opposition.

By what shall we replace the system which is slowly foundering in corruption and falsehood?

The disciples of the Jew Karl Marx propose the mischievous doctrine of this false prophet under various names: socialism, communism, bolshevism, sovietism, anarchy, popular front. It is materialism pushed to its final conclusions. It is, moreover, the dictatorship of one class over all the other classes. It is the definite destruction of Christianity by destroying that which supports the ideas of God, religion, family, private property, initiative, social justice, order, morality, and spiritual values. We may not therefore believe one single instant that one can save the country or the people by marxism, a system which has done damage wherever it has been tried, which has produced everywhere only bloody ruin, as is proved by the contemporary history of Russia, China, Hungary, Spain, Bavaria, etc.

The only possible solution that remains is Canadian Corporatism, through the National Unity Party of Canada.

Canadian Corporatism wishes to give back their rights, their honor, their dignity, to Power, to Authority, to Labour, to the real producers.

It desires to keep in Canada the gold produced in Canada, to keep in Canada the profits from Canadian resources and from the work of Canadians, to destroy parasitism under all its forms, to force capital to cease being purely speculative, that it may become creative and constructive. And to form national activities into national corporations which will take back the powers which politicians have taken away from them. Just as in the Corporatism of the Bar there is a government of lawyers, by

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lawyers, for the welfare of lawyers, so there will be a Corporation of the fisheries by the fishermen, for the good of the fishermen, and the same thing for agriculture and industry. Each national activity must have its own parliamentary representation, must enjoy powers at once social, economic and legislative, under the protection of an essential National State, which will look after the coordination and balance of the national activities, preventing abuses and unjust monopolies.

Canadian Corporatism desires to wed private interest to the common good by making them partners so they can lean upon each other, by making the State and the citizen associates so they will support each other. It desires instead of fighting, to reestablish the political unity of the country, its national unity, to create a national conscience, a national mentality; to fix national goals, to eliminate unemployment swiftly, to make respected the duty and the right to work for one’s livelihood; to revive commerce and industry, to increase property, to decentralize economic activity, to raise up new enterprises, to raise salaries and revenues to the highest level compatible with the needs of a healthy economy, which will no longer be the enrichment of a small exclusive group; to destroy pitilessly corrupt patronage and the system of the pork-barrel, to put each talent in its place and competent people at the vital controls of the country, to restore in all domains the elements of natural law.

IT IS TRUTH WHICH MAKES FREE. We shall regain our freedom when we find truth again. Just as there is a fundamental religious truth, the existence of God, so there is a fundamental political truth. This political truth which the National Unity Party has taken as a guide and a torch is this: all the rights, privileges, advantages, property and profits of a country must serve first and above all the natives of that country. This is the supreme political truth for which all the members of the party work. It is not everything to find truth, you have to make it triumph. We have made of this truth our watchword, our ideal,

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our inspiration and our banner, in the short phrase, “Canada for Canadians.”

May all those who believe in this shining truth come and work with us, for its triumph, for the greatness of Canada and the happiness of Canadians, the National Unity Party of Canada.

CANADIAN CORPORATISM AND AGRICULTURE

The program of the National Unity Party proclaims agriculture as the first and most vital of Canadian industries. The program adds that the Canadian Corporatist State will give its first attention to agriculture, will decentralize it, will re-spiritualize it, that agriculture will have the greatest number of representatives in the Corporatist Parliament.

Agriculture or farming is the most vital industry of the country because it nourishes the nation. It furnishes human life with the most important of its primary needs. Moreover, agriculture brings man nearer nature, supplies the most wholesome, the most complete way of life. It gives man the greatest amount of mental rest, of true freedom and sense of security that he can find. It is, more than any other industry, fitted to form the best kind of citizens in the nation.

The nation’s food store must be rich, abundant and varied. Those who work to produce it must enjoy the fruits of their labour. If there are profits to be derived from farming produce, the greatest share thereof must go to the farmer.

TO SET A PRICE IS TO SET THE REWARD.

Under the system of liberal-democracy, or system of party politics, the farmer does not receive a just share of his yield. He is terribly exploited by the great monopolies which govern the market price, which buy at ridiculous prices and resell to the

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consumer at exorbitant prices. These great international monopolies, which we can trace back to the High Jewish Gold Bank, are the masters of prices. They gamble with the harvests of whole countries, playing thus with the fate of those who produce these harvests. He who sets the price of a product fixes the wages of those who make that product.

Who sets the price of timber in Canada? It is not the settler who cuts it, or the small builder who uses it, it is the big monopoly. Who sets the price of Canadian butter? It is not the Canadian producer, or the Canadian consumer, it is the great international monopoly. It is the same with all important goods.

ORGANIZATION, SECRET OF THE POWER
OF GREAT CAPITAL

There are groups which are neither producers or consumers, who are not farmers; nevertheless, they have the power to govern prices, and thus to determine the income of the producers. They are more powerful than whole national classes. Why? Because they are organized while producers are not. They are supported by the force which forms the pivot of every liberal-democratic form of government, namely money, the Golden Calf. As money is the supreme master under liberal-democracy, we must not be surprised if agriculture is enslaved to the money powers like all other activities. And as the money powers desire to have ever more money, they extend ever more strongly their control over agriculture, devouring ever larger profits, leaving the small farmer weaker and more despoiled.

It is by thousands in Canada that cultivators have abandoned their farms, saying “farming does not pay.” The farmer is satisfied when he can bring up his family suitably and pay his debts. For twenty years he has had to sell certain products at a loss, while the monopolies which manipulate these products, multi-

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ply their profits and their dividends. It is almost impossible for him to pay his debts and to advance his family.

Organized capital is so little eager to help the farmer that the State is obliged to distribute enormous sums in rural credit. The mere fact of State rural credit proves that capital no longer desires to cooperate with the other classes of the nation. It is the same with State credit for the construction of houses in the cities. Capital no longer wishes to help. It wishes to be served. It is the master. It commands and knows no other role. This abnormal chaotic situation has created an imbalance which shows everywhere and which is evident in thousands of evils, thou-sands of forms of misery. It has become intolerable. It cannot last longer if we wish to avoid the bloody revolution so desired by the communists. We have to do something.

FREEDOM AND SLAVERY.

The old parties do not want any real change. From time to time they throw a little cool water on the fevered national body, when things get too hot among the people. But they do not wish to go to the roots of the evil because they themselves planted these roots. They do not wish a complete purge be-cause the present state of corruption is called liberal-democracy. They say: “Let us save democracy,” but they never say: “Let us save Canada and the Canadians.” What is it then, according to their idea of democracy, which they so greatly wish to save? According to what the liberal and conservative systems have implanted, maintained, encouraged and tolerated, it is “liberty and tolerance.” What sort of liberty? Equal liberty for the bad and the good, for error and truth, thieves as well as honest men, the exploiters as well as the real workers, equal liberty for the parasite and the victim on whom the parasite feeds, freedom for foreigners as well as for Canadians. Freedom for international forces as well as for the national forces in our country. We must not disturb this liberty, because it is democratic liberty! But in a

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system where the Golden Calf is god, it follows that those who have money, alone have strength and liberty; the others, the lit-tle fellows, the workers, the producers endure and submit, and finally are crushed and reduced to slavery.

RED DESTRUCTION: NATIONAL SALVATION.

There are also the disciples of the great Jewish revolutionary, Karl Marx, the “marxists,” who take different names according as they go further. These marxists labour to bring about the socialist system, the communist system, the anarchist system. In democracy a single class dominates, the class of the monied power. In the marxist regime a single class also wishes to dominate all the others, the class of revolutionary workers. This is what they call the dictatorship of the proletariat. The disciplines of the Jew Karl Marx desire freedom only for evil and error. They want to abolish religion, family, property, the idea of country, and establish over the whole earth a universal republic of which Canada would be a simple province.

In the face of the old parties, who neither will nor are able to do anything, and marxism which only wants to do evil, there has risen the National Unity Party.

It is a Nationalist Party, a corporatist party. National Unity is opposed to one class, whether that of the capitalists or that of the workers, dominating the other classes. Each class must be able to guide itself, organize itself, decide its own fate in cooperation with the other classes. This is only possible through the Corporation, by means of the corporatist system, the national system of our new time. It is the only system which can give back to agriculture, as well as to the other national activities, their independence, their freedom, full and entire justice, protection and prosperity.

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CORPORATION OF AGRICULTURE.

When the nationalist party of National Unity shall have been carried to power with the consent of the Canadian people, it will immediately set about the task of establishing national corporations.

The corporations, as has been said, will act in a triple role: legislative, economic and social.

The political parties which divide the nation into artificial and useless factions will be all abolished. There will be only one single political party, the Canadian nation. All Canadians will be part of it. The nationalist system in power will recognize no opposition. There will not be a part of the people which will be considered hostile and to which all aid is refused, all help, all encouragement, as do the liberals when the liberals are in power against the cursed conservatives or the conservatives do when in power against the cursed liberals. The government will be truly national, the government of all the people, and it will concern itself with the whole people. Every Canadian will be its child, its ward, the object of its care and devotion. It will no longer be permissible to return to artificial political dissension, to partisan hatred, to the favoritism which causes one part of the people to be neglected for the advantage of another part.

In the body of the nation, each class of workers will receive the rights, importance and respect, the consideration and the aid, which belong to it. Agriculture will be in the front rank of the great Canadian family of workers.

After the disappearance of political parties, the farmer, for example, will have only one general interest, namely Canada, and one main private interest, farming. The country member will not be liberal or conservative in the parliament, he will represent

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exclusively the farmers, will be responsible only to the farmers and will concern himself solely with farming.

NATIONAL SET-UPS.

When National Unity ascends to power by the will of the people, the National Corporations will begin to rise. All growers, without any exception, will be incorporated and will form a system in the great national corporation of agriculture. In the bosom of this corporation they will be subdivided into associations of all kinds according to their immediate interests. The agriculturalist can belong to several associations at the same time, as for instance, to the national association of tobacco producers, the national association of grain producers, the national association of cattle breeders, etc.

Each association will have headquarters and depots in each province. The associations will elect within themselves their officers and their delegates. In their general higher ranks they will form the framework of the great national corporation of agriculture. In their associations and their national corporations, the growers will choose the names of those whom they want to have as federal members in the corporate parliament, and from this list, the whole nation will be called upon to vote when the body of the first corporate parliament shall be submitted for the approval of the people. In the same way the other great national corporations (manufacturing, industry, transportation, professional classes, commerce, etc.) will choose their federal representatives themselves.

POLITICAL ROLE OF THE CORPORATION.

The corporation must act a political as well as a social and an economic role, in the sense that producing and professional activities must take back the powers that the liberal-democratic state assumed after the liberal revolution of 1789.

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Powers which belong exclusively to the state are those which concern justice, defence of the country (armed forces), internal order (federal police), collection and use of taxes (Ministry of finance), the mails, relations with other countries (external affairs), the guardianship of official wards of the people (Indian affairs), the property of the Crown (public works, domains, etc.)

The ministries of agriculture, of labour, of commerce, of industry, of fisheries, of public health are based on a usurpation of powers which belong to the national categories of interests which these powers concern. These powers were assumed be-cause these national interests were not organized. The state had to make up for the insufficiency or absence of organization of the classes concerned.

The liberal-democratic State has never thought of forming a Ministry of Professions because these managed to keep their framework of organization in the storm of revolution. The professional classes, such as those of the lawyers, notaries, physicians, dentists, engineers, etc., have managed to keep their set-ups and discipline themselves. They were able to resist, only thanks to the compulsory participation (unionism) of their members, drawing up among themselves the conditions of their craft, of apprenticeship, professional conduct, etc. If they have suffered almost as much as the other classes since the end of the great war, this is because of the general situation created by political slackness, economic anarchy, the social chaos resulting from the class struggle. There is no more reason for having a Ministry of Commerce or of Agriculture than there would be to justify a Ministry of the liberal professions.

PERIOD OF TRANSITION.

During the first years of the Canadian Corporatist State, which will be established by the National Unity Party, the National

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Corporation of Agriculture will work in immediate conjunction and direct contact with the Ministry of Agriculture. The Corporation of Commerce will do likewise with the Ministry of Commerce, the Corporation of Industrial workers will do the same with the Ministry of Labour, but as soon as they are sufficiently organized the corporations will replace these Ministries which by their nature are not political. Instead of its being politicians, it is the farmers themselves who will govern agriculture, the business men who will direct commerce, the fishermen who will look after the fisheries, and so on. Just as professionals in their corporations may determine the conditions of their professions, give these organizations discipline, a code, just so the other national classes will be able to act in their national corporations. The only real political instrument above the corporations will be the Ministry of Corporations, to coordinate and balance the interplay of the corporations, to see that one does not take advantage of another, that the consumers are not exploited, that the needs of our foreign commerce are respected.

The State being an essentially political and moral body, it must not exceed the limits of its political rights. Economic and social bodies of the nation must evolve as rapidly as possible towards such a state that they can regulate themselves the economy and social life of the country in harmony with the political conditions and needs.

THE CORPORATIST PARLIAMENT.

Just as the ministries of the government work by the year, so the national corporations of the Canadian Corporatist State will sit by the year.

The different corporations, each in its federal headquarters, will handle all the problems of their activities as they arise. Thus, the National Corporation of Agriculture will always be working,

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studying problems, finding solutions, bringing about betterments, drawing up laws.

The decisions taken by it will be transmitted to the Ministry of Corporations which in its turn will transmit them at once to the other national corporations.

If one of the other corporations, if for example that of Commerce, objects to the decision of the farmers or finds in it cause for complaint then the Ministry of Corporations summons a meeting of the two conflicting corporations and both together must come to an understanding. The representatives of the two great social classes may parley and discuss, criticize each other as much as they wish, but they must come to an agreement. They have all the rights and privileges of parliamentarianism, with this difference, that it is the experts on a question that dis-cuss this question and they discuss it in their particular assemblies.

When a final solution has been found and accepted by the op-posing parties, the Ministry of Corporations informs the national government. The latter must judge in the name of the whole people, whether the final decision is within the framework of the general interest and justice. If it finds no serious objection, the law is passed by decree of the National Government when there is urgency. If the matter is not urgent it will be submitted for the approval of the corporatist parliament met in full session. In any case all the laws and decisions of the corporations must be sanctioned by the Corporatist Parliament.

LAWS MADE BY EXPERTS.

We are astonished in democratic countries when a corporatist parliament can approve sometimes 250 or 300 laws in a sitting of a few minutes. This is because we do not realize that these laws, which have been studied and prepared by the experts of

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the country, would be mutilated as soon as they were submitted to the parliamentary method which permits the ignorant to speak, as well as the experts.

When the national sanction is given to laws in the corporatist system, these laws have already been studied by the people concerned, the experts, the technicians in the matter, then they have been submitted to all the other corporations and to the government. If they are brought before the parliament, it is because there is no longer any objection. All that they need is the supreme national sanction, a simple question of formality.

Corporatism does not allow useless babbling for months on the part of ignorant men. It does not allow, as under our system, doctors to discuss railways, tinsmiths to talk of fisheries, farmers to talk about sanitary or industrial working-class laws, breeders of sheep to speak about airplanes.

Each class has, in short, on the political side of its corporation, legislative powers, which it exercises within the broad lines of the common good and within the limits of national welfare.

RIGHTS AND DUTIES:
THE TWO COUNTERWEIGHTS.

Each class must be deeply aware that it is above all a positive and constructive instrument in the service of the whole nation. When the whole nation prospers, the class will prosper, and the more prosperous will be the individual who forms part of it. The individual must discipline himself in his corporation and the corporation discipline itself within the body of the nation. No individual can free himself from his corporation. No corporation can free itself from the nation. Slackness or unlimited free competition cannot be tolerated. Full enjoyment of natural and acquired rights, and fulfilment of the duties which correspond to them, these are the counterweights which in all activit-

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ies and in all national spheres are to form the measure of individual and collective action. They are conditions essential to true order, to effective authority, to real responsibility, to equitable justice, to all the prosperity in which each may expect the share due to his contribution of work, the exercise of his talents.

ECONOMIC CORPORATISM.

It is not enough for the corporation to have legislative and par-liamentary powers, it must have its economic organization and powers, which melt into its social organization and powers.

The one cannot be without the other. Corporatism must be totalitarian, as liberalism is totalitarian, as marxism is totalitarian.

It is nonsense to try to make, for example, out of “economic liberalism,” a distinct or different thing from political liberalism. Why is there “economic liberalism?” Because there is at the helm of power in the State a political liberalism which has brought about the coming of economic liberalism by its very doctrine of non-interventionism and unlimited liberty, which perpetuates it, encourages it, maintains it. Political liberalism has even become the slave of economic liberalism. It has delivered itself over to the latter on account of its electoral needs. It belongs there. It is now determined, commanded, ruled thereby. There is in fact only one sole and single liberalism, a single germ, a single ferment, which is the same everywhere, acquiring an adjective according to the sphere in which it acts. Liberalism is totalitarian, it imposes its slackness, its lack of discipline, its irregularity in everything and everywhere in the same way. Corporatism also is totalitarian, exacting discipline, rules, structures, in everything and everywhere. It is not the State which fixes these rules and these structures, it is the guilds of National activities which give them to themselves, the State approves.

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Economic Corporatism destroys economic liberalism and takes its place. The monopolies which act like gods of the weather as to farming production will be replaced by the great associations of the National Corporation of Agriculture.

The great tobacco monopoly will be replaced by the National Association of tobacco producers. The great monopoly of dairy products will be replaced by the National Association of dairy producers. The great monopoly of meat will be replaced by the National Association of breeders of animals. It will be thus for each product.

COOPERATIVES AND PRODUCERS.

Once united in associations and corporations the growers will establish their producers’ cooperatives.

The corporate State will help them to form their cooperatives. It will place at their disposal vast capital in order that these cooperatives may have their stores in the great centres of the country. These cooperatives and their stores will belong to the members of the national associations of the growers them-selves.

Up to now the associations and cooperatives of producers have not had much success because they are optional. Anybody can belong who wants to. There is favouritism. The monopolies in order not to lose their privileges and their control, wage against them a savage, cut-throat battle. Thus, for example, so many dairy cooperatives have been torn from the hands of the farmers and destroyed by the underhand attacks of the monopolies protected by venal politicians.

But obligatory association and cooperation for all cannot help succeeding. All the members, by rules which they establish themselves, are compelled to cooperate; moreover, their most

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elementary interests force them to concern themselves actively with their business.

In order to understand the functioning of agricultural corpora-tism in the economic sphere let us take the example of a concrete case. The same case may be applied to all other kinds of organized production. Let us take the case of animals and meats.

All the breeders of animals will belong to the National Association of Breeders which will be a section of the National Corporation of Agriculture.

The principal task of the members of the association will be to produce the best possible quality of domestic cattle and fowl.

The producers’ association will have its storehouses and slaughter-houses. It will control prices and the wholesale distribution of its produce. To acquire or build great modern storehouses, the association will issue bonds which, if necessary, will be guaranteed by the State. The members of the association will hold the majority of these bonds in order that the financial control shall never leave the association.

ELIMINATION OF USELESS MIDDLEMEN.

The producer who has, let us say, ten pigs, two steers, and five sheep to sell, will not have to bother with finding a buyer, he will go and take his animals to the nearest railway station to have them forwarded to the nearest depot or abattoir of his association. He will shortly receive from his association a cheque for the amount of the value of the animals less the cost of transportation. At the depot of the corporation of animal producers the association has its experts who look after classification, packing, forwarding, advertising and exporting. The asso-

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ciation also attends to fixing meat prices through the national corporation.

No longer will the great international monopolies fix the prices. It is the national corporation itself, under the supervision of the government which must prevent all and any abuse. The principle which must serve as a basis for the fixing of prices is the cost of production plus a reasonable profit which must aid the progressive growth of the producer’s business.

When a reasonable price is fixed by decree, then all wholesale buyers must pay this price everywhere and under every circumstance for any quantity. Monopoly falls of itself, the trust is no longer capable of dictating its conditions to the producer and the consumer. The producer can live, can devote himself to his specialty without fear of ruin. He can count on the stability of business and the consumer is protected against any exploitation.

PROTECTION OF INDEPENDENT BUSINESS.

The producers’ cooperative eliminates the jobber and the monopolist. From it directly the merchant procures the products which he resells at retail, the wholesale prices being fixed by decree. They are the same for the big as for the small buyer. The great chain stores pay the same price as the small retailer. They can no longer dictate their conditions to the producer. Inevitably they cease to be and in the place of a great regional or provincial grocer we see the number of independent businesses in-crease again, the number of small enterprises and small fortunes replace the large enterprise and the great fortune.

Retail prices, too, are fixed by decree, at the figures decided upon by the national corporation of commerce. These prices are subject to the supervising of the government. They comprise the cost of distribution plus a reasonable profit. The great parasites being eliminated, the consumer pays definitely less.

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The producer receives the maximum revenue for his products, the distributer is assured a reasonable return for his service.

THE CORPORATION WILL FIND IN ITSELF
ITS FINANCIAL SUPPORT.

The national corporation of agriculture looks after its own protection in the adjustments of the tariff. It instructs the government according to its statistics, its production, its surplus or its needs, regarding the tariff protection which should be fixed for such and such a farm product.

The national corporation of agriculture and the national associations of producers which compose it will have their banks in which they will deposit their money, the earnings of which will be theirs. They will have their credit bodies, their insurance and pension organizations. These instruments for their service being their property, it will be no longer possible for hidden finance to practice its undue pressure or to blackmail the agriculturalists. Agriculture will be, so to say, a national organism complete in itself and it will not suffer from manipulation from outside for external profit. Farm finance will serve agriculture.

Agriculture will not be a State business such as the marxists want. It will not be a source of profit for a few individuals, powerful on account of their money, as is the case under liberal-democracy. It will be a business entirely in the hands of the farmers for the basic advantage of the nation and the personal profit of the farmers. The corporation is the only known formula which weds together the common good and private interest. It is the most modern formula, the most advanced, civilized, just and Christian which has come out of all the attempts and all the experiments which have been made in the world up to our day.

Decentralization, respiritualization, by building a structure on

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the needs of the human being rather than on the demands of the Golden Calf, order, authority, discipline, social set-ups which will no longer leave the human being isolated and defenseless; protection, stability, equity, cooperation in living rather than savage struggle for life itself, these are the advantages of the Nationalist Corporation.

COOPERATION AND MUTUAL HELP
BETWEEN CORPORATIONS.

We have to stabilize the cost of living as we have to stabilize the income or wages of farm and industrial workers. The corporation alone can give this stabilization which no other system has yet been able to give to the nation.

The corporatist state, acting as a regulator of the national activities, can cause one corporation to intervene to help another when necessary.

Thus, if there is an unsaleable surplus of wheat, the State may on the demand of the national association of wheat producers, transfer the problem to the Industry Corporation by decreeing, for example, that motor vehicle fuel shall contain 20 or 30% of grain alcohol.

A national association of tomato producers would not, as was the case in the autumn of 1938, have allowed to perish in the fields thousands of tons of tomatoes. In its storehouses it would have preserved those tomatoes and the State would have seen to it that these products were exchanged with another country which needed them.

There is no superproduction of anything, there will never be any. There is only a lack of buying power which prevents the national classes from getting in abundance what they could consume. The stabilization of wages and income by the interplay of

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corporatism will reestablish, spread, and constantly increase purchasing power.

“LIBERTIES” REDUCED, “LIBERTIES” ENLARGED.

It is true that national corporatism eliminates certain liberties. It destroys inflexibly the liberty hitherto granted to the powers of money, which must revert to their humble duty as servants of the nation. It destroys the liberty hitherto granted to monopolies, trusts, cornerers, price-raises, to dishonest speculation, to parasitism in all its forms.

But it restores their freedom and self-government to the real producers and the real workers, it restores to them freedom to determine their own fate, the freedom to enjoy before anyone else the fruit of their labours, the freedom to discipline their activities, the freedom to carry on their own affairs, the freedom to create for themselves stable conditions, the freedom to begin an enterprise or to set out on a career without fearing to be stripped or ruined after twenty years, the freedom to set up long range plans with the possibility of realizing them by their work.

Work, a good return for your work, the cost of living proportionate to your pay, an equal opportunity for all to constantly better their lot, provision for each man to suitably bring up his children, protection in all spheres, security, peace of mind, these are the great lost liberties which nationalist corporatism will bring to the Canadian people with the not distant triumph of the National Unity Party.

The joy of living in happiness due to respect for natural laws.

The joy of living as creatures conscious of God and His goodness to His children.

The joy of living as Canadians in our beautiful Canada, masters

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of Canada, working for the happiness of Canadians and the greatness of Canada.

The joy of living in a great nationalist and Christian revival, rather than the curse of living in a communist hell or the sorrow of slow decay in a corrupted, ruinous, destructive liberal-democracy, which is a cruel stepmother to the children of the nation.

The joy of living in our own country as our fathers desired it and won it for us by their devotion, their labour, their sacrifice.

CANADIAN CORPORATISM AND THE WORKMAN.

For thirty years or more we have been adding to labour laws. We have pushed as far as we could working-class organization.

Are the workers further on to-day?

By hundreds of thousands we may count those who have lost their right to work and have become unemployed. By hundreds of thousands we may count those who work only part time and receive for food, lodging, medical care, clothing, less than a horse unemployed or working part time receives.

As for those who are working, the larger number of them receive wages much below what they need to suitably support their families.

Those who receive a reasonable wage are the minority and even they live constantly in fear of seeing their wages reduced or the shop where they work closed.

As to 90% of workingmen, not only are they unable to save but they do not even receive the minimum necessary to meet the cost of living, according to official statistics.

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If there is distress to-day on the farm, the distress is still greater in the working-class in the city. If one is worried, in the country, about interest on a debt due in six months, in the cities in thousands of homes it is a question of how one will eat next week.

Most employers, burdened with ever heavier, worrisome, harmful taxes and realizing that the public purchasing power is constantly being reduced, ask themselves just like their employees, if the instability of business will not force them to close their doors as many others have had to do these last ten years.

All spirit of cooperation has almost completely disappeared be-tween labour and capital, it has even been made almost impossible. Both have been hurled into a surly class struggle fatal to both interests, which after all are only one and the same.

Why is it thus? Because neither employers nor employees are masters of their own activities. Both are at the mercy of what is called the conditions of the market. These are determined by economic anarchy, commercial lack of discipline, cut-throat rivalry, price war, brought about by the indifference of the liberal-democratic State which refuses to intervene, by the tolerance of unbridled and unlimited free competition.

Corporatism will put an end almost immediately to this state of things. It will restore in no time at all the mutual respect of capital and labour, their friendly cooperation, full and complete justice for both sides, an intense, stable and well paid activity for employees and employers.

FALSEHOOD AND REALITY OF THINGS.

But the Jews who control the great proletarian organizations, founded by them, and high finance, organized by them, with their propaganda dominated by them, horribly distort corpora-

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tism in the eyes of masters and men. They lie, deceive, disfigure, they do not want corporatism even to be known. They do not want the truth to be known because corporatism marks the end of Jewish control over the working class organization, the end of cut-throat business established and exploited by Jews, the end of the control of all classes by high Jewish capital.

Corporatism is the resumption, the re-conquest of all activities, all spheres, all organizations, all advantages, all national profits by the children of the nation and it is the end of economic and financial Jewry. It is the deliverance of all enchained classes, it is the return of order and discipline in which the parasite Jew can no longer live. He must therefore combat corporatism by all means. The crowd must not know it, and if it knows it at all, it must be disfigured, represented as what it is not. This explains the mad, ferocious, merciless struggle which the Jews and all the organizations under their control wage against the National Unity Party, which has decided to establish Canadian Corporatism as soon as it has assumed power at Ottawa. The struggle will be bitter but National Unity will win because Canadian national feeling is stronger than the money of the Jews in Canada, because truth must infallibly triumph over falsehood.

THE INDUSTRIAL CORPORATION.

We have seen in its broad outlines how the national corporation of agriculture will function. The national corporation of industry will be similar. This national corporation of industry will be self-subdivided into various corporations or associations ac-cording to the category of industry: metal industry, building industry, manufacturing industry, mining industry, textile industry, hydro-electric industry, etc.

What has hitherto made labour unions so futile is that belonging to them has always been optional. Half the workers agree with the discipline of their unions, the other half refuse to belong.

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Corporatism makes compulsory the sharing of the workers in the guilds of their trades. In the same way employers have to be members of the associations which concern their interests.

These guilds of workmen and these associations of employers are divorced from all foreign control, they are entirely free, autonomous, independent and have as leaders only those whom they choose themselves. They have as laws and rules those which they themselves decree. Their bases of support and the discipline which they undergo are fixed by them. The only power above them is that of the National government, which is concerned in preventing any possible abuse as it does for all the other corporations.

After the corporation of agriculture comes the corporation of industry, which has in the federal corporatist parliament the greatest number of members. The list of these representatives to be elected by the whole electorate is drawn up by the labour unions themselves and by the associations of employers. The two groups have their representatives who sit together and draw up the laws concerning their activities. The legislative procedure is the same as that explained for farmers in the preceding chapter.
The federal representatives of industry are responsible only to industry and only concern themselves with industry. Their corporation must eventually replace the ministries of labour and industry when ready to do so.

FIXING OF WAGES AND PRICES.

It is the National Corporation of Industry which fixes prices and working conditions of its members. It fixes the wages of employees and fixes wholesale prices of manufactured products. The employer being certain of a reasonable, stable, protected

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sale price, it is easy for him to pay reasonable, stable, protected wages. The Corporation of Industry like all the other Corporations will have its banks, its credit services, its departments for pensions, insurance, aid, leisure, etc.

There will be industrial banks for industry; as well, there will be agricultural banks for farmers, commercial banks for commerce, etc., just as there will be bureaus of credit, developments and aid for the activities concerned. These financial institutions will not be controlled by the State as under Communism, or by a handful of greedy individuals as under liberal-democracy, but they will be owned by the National Corporations. The members of the corporations will deposit their savings in them and will enjoy their privileges and help.

THE STATE WILL CONTROL CURRENCY.

The supreme instrument of finance will be the State bank which will issue the national currency and will control its volume according to the needs of the country. This State bank, property of the whole nation, will, at need, open credits to the corporations which might not have sufficient capital on hand for their necessary development or to meet certain difficult circumstances. The National Corporatist State pitilessly destroys the speculative character of capital and demands that capital, at all times, shall be productive and constructive.

The group of workers’ unions and employers’ associations will form a corporation in which representatives will sit of both employees and employers. They will draw up the laws and statutes of their industries in the interests of all their members. The Ministry of Corporations will see to it that they remain within the framework and general interest of the nation.

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SUPERVISION AND APPLICATION OF THE LAWS.

The wages and sale prices which they fix will be more than a collective labour contract. They will be national statutes or governmental decrees.

The corporation of industrial employees and employers in which the interests of the two groups hitherto opposed (on account of liberal laisser-faire) will become one single common solid interest, will do more than draw up its own laws. It will supervise their enforcement and impose their application. This will be possible through the discipline which alone compulsory unionism and association can bring about.

Just as the Corporation of the Bar and the Corporation of the Academy of Medicine can punish their members who violate their laws, or take action against external infractions, so the industrial corporation will have its disciplinary courts, will be able to punish its members who infringe its laws or to bring before the courts those who are not members but who harm the corporation.

One element of the national economic life will not be allowed to sabotage the work of another unit, and to compromise, even partially, its existence.

The unlimited liberty granted by liberal-democracy to a certain kind of business, for example, has ruined many industries and thrown on the street a large number of workers.

Thus when a table costs the manufacturer $1.00 and is sold for 90c by a merchant, this brings about a fall in prices and the final consequence is the lowering of wages.

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RESPECT FOR AND PROTECTION OF A FAIR PRICE.

We have seen large distribution agencies sign contracts with cer-tain factories to absorb their whole product. As he no longer has to bother with finding buyers, the manufacturer dismisses his salesmen, his commercial travellers, and can thus sell at a lower price than the others. After a year or two the manufacturer is required to lower his price still further, otherwise his contract will not be renewed. Having lost his former customers, caught with a regulated production, which he can no longer otherwise dispose of, the manufacturer is obliged to yield to the demands of the big buyer or to close his doors. It is always the employee who after all, finally bears the loss though this does not prevent the manufacturer from declining gradually toward his ruin.

With Corporatism this will be no longer possible. An article will not be sold lower than its value. People can no longer play in the name of cut-throat commerce with the honor and dignity of labour, with the fate of the producers.

Each class of workers and producers will receive a just price for his product and each will be able to pay a just price for what he buys. We shall no longer see the parasites ever more prosperous while the producers, ever more exploited and worse paid, harm other producers, by looking for the spoils of the price war. There is no possible stability of wages, of purchasing power, if there is no stability in the price of what the wage-earner produces.

The industry of shoddy, of imitation, of the degraded product which degrades the honor of the craft will disappear; and the housewife will no longer have to say: “I will have to do with the poor stuff, I have not the means of buying the good.” The para-sites, the useless middlemen, the unproductive monopolists and

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the dishonest speculators being eliminated, we can get what is good and what is good will not cost dear.

WORK: A COMPULSORY DUTY.

Productive work will be compulsory for all adults physically able. The whole nation will produce. There will be no super-production. There never has been any, there never will be any. What we have suffered from is lack of purchasing power. Everybody needs all sorts of things but not everybody has the means of getting them.

It would not be a luxury for the child of a working man to have three or four pairs of shoes, instead of one, for a worker to have four or five suits, four or five hats, four or five overcoats, instead of one. If everybody could get what is necessary for normal life, without luxury or excess, we should not have enough manufactures or shops to-day.

Let our permanent or part-time two million unemployed be put to work with good pay and right away we shall not have enough from our existing enterprises.

The economic and social corporation of industry will have its political or rather its legislative branches in the national parliament, in which the industrial members elected by the workmen and the employers will form a Chamber, so to say, self-governing in what may concern its particular interests, like the Corporation of Agriculture and the others. The industrial members, as national representatives, will sit also in the full sessions of parliament when it is a question of approving the laws of the corporations and the decrees of the government in the name of all the people.

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THE WORKMAN, PARTNER OF THE NATION.

The workman will have now only one single political party: his nation, his country. He will be called upon to serve the Canadian people and in return he will receive the right to earn his living by working, a just wage and trade organization officially protected.

Labour will be reestablished in the dignity, honor, respect and justice which are due it. It will receive the fulness of its rights and powers. The workman will no longer be merely a toiler taken advantage of, the beaten, defenseless dog. He will be raised to the rank of partner in his nation, associate of his country, free at last from the cruel chains which parasites had soldered upon him thanks to the indifference of a system sold to dishonest finance.

Craft honor will regain its lost rights. There will be plenty of outlets established for the young. The young man who by inheritance or family environment possesses the genius of his father’s trade, may continue the productive work of his father. He may succeed him in the shop or factory. The rights of apprenticeship and guild membership will be reestablished by the free discipline of the corporations, just as apprenticeship has its rights among professional men, whether in the clinics for apprentice doctors or in clerkship for apprentice lawyers. Vocational education which will necessarily be imposed in schools (which) will help the corporations to find the best and aptest subjects.

CAPITAL IN ABUNDANCE.

As the corporations will have the task of inculcating respect for their members’ right to work, and of avoiding all unemployment, they will have to look after the national distribution of work, to find new activities where needed, to think out new de-

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velopments. Capital will not be lacking, for the Corporatist State will stop the frightful bleeding of Canadian capital abroad. It will see to it that the gold extracted from Canadian mines shall serve Canada and the Canadians. Merely in interest and dividends paid to the foreigner from the work of Canadian producers and technicians, by the sale of our gold abroad, more than one hundred million dollars a month are leaving Canada at this moment. Why should not the foreigners come to enjoy in Canada these enormous sums produced by Canadian workers with Canada’s natural resources? Why should they not spend this Canadian economic blood within the Canadian organism? The National Unity Party of Canada will promptly settle this problem as soon as it is in power. It will see to it that the economic blood produced in the Canadian National body shall remain in the arteries and veins of this National body. Without borrowing, without importing capital, without increasing the debt of the country, without adding to the obligation of interest and taxes, without inflation, a truly nationalist system can thus get for Canada, for its developments, more than one hundred mil-lion dollars a month. We have only to close the veins, asking those who profit by Canadian activity to spend their gain in Canada, seeing to it that money which is made to circulate and produce shall wholly fulfil its mission.

The Industrial Corporations will have their systems of aid, their arrangements for leisure, their insurance and protection of all kinds.

ELIMINATION OF SLUMS.

The shack, the slum, will soon disappear. Little will be said of this but much will be done. It will be the building industry itself which will have to settle this question, in close cooperation with civic authorities. The members of the industry will build for themselves, for their comrades, for the country. They will put all their heart and all their genius into this work of reconstruc-

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tion and advancement of Canada and Canadians. Here again it is not capital which will be lacking. Capital will have ceased being speculative. It will have become constructive. There will be no liberal dictatorship of capitalists over all the other classes. There will be no communist dictatorship of the proletariat over all the other classes. There will be honorable, just, disciplined and orderly cooperation of all classes. It is not State collectivism which will lead. It is not the selfish interest of the money powers which will lead. The new law will be the close union and cooperation of the common good with private interest, the association of the citizen with his country, through corporatism, the most advanced and most scientific system of social organization which has been imagined by the human brain after centuries of practical experience, trials, attempts, discouragements and observations, and moreover a system which has succeeded wherever it has been tried.

The State will not be a devouring monster which will sell, betray, despoil and ruin the citizens. The citizen will not be a complaining victim in constant mental revolt against the State. They will be two partners who will help each other, who will cooperate, who will construct, who will progress, supporting each other, leaning on each other.

REDUCTION OF TAXES.

Taxes will go down and the whole people will be relieved of the burden which is made ever heavier by the democratic mess and the corruption of patronage. When salaries have been readjusted, when two million Canadians have gone back to gainful labour, taxes will be shared by a greater number of taxpayers, and will be lighter. As the corporations will have to settle the social problems which are theirs, the State will be free of them. Everything will be put into its place. The powers usurped by politicians will be restored to the social classes which must hold them. It is true that liberty will diminish or disappear for certain

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foreign leaders, certain classes of idle profiteers, unproductive pirates, but liberty will be greater than ever for those who con-tribute to the advancement of the country. They will have freedom of working according to their talent at decent pay and the freedom to make plans and investments without dread of being ruined and left defenseless.

NEW ENTERPRISES, OPENINGS FOR
YOUNG MEN, LEISURE

With the great national rebirth brought about by the National Unity Party, after so long a stagnation of business, with the capital produced in Canada at the disposal of Canadian activities, with obligatory work, with new needs, there will be work and income in plenty for everybody. There will be a hundred thousand new enterprises to start. There will be occupation and a future for all our young men. The only danger will be a scarcity of labour but this is a problem which will be settled in good time.

To aid our young people to establish homes, there will be marriage loans. To aid parents brave enough to raise numerous children there will be generous family bonuses. Instead of being, as in financial democracy, almost a curse which imposes heavier obligations on parents who are already poor, the arrival of a child in the home will be what it should always be, a blessing to parents who can live decently.

The national corporations will be encouraged by their modern organizations to establish hunting clubs, fishing clubs, sailing clubs, summer resorts, etc., for their members. The children of the nation must have the first rights to the enjoyment of the natural riches of Canada, of the charms of Canadian nature.

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A sustained effort will be made for every Canadian father of a family to be the possessor of a part of the Canadian soil, to be the owner of the home he lives in.

A CRIMINAL SYSTEM.

Under financial democracy a very large number of our workers after thirty or forty years of honest labour find themselves to-day less advanced than they were when they began their career, having been constantly exploited as employees and as consumers, left without defence at the mercy of middlemen or cunning swindlers; their lives have been ruined. A system that permits that is a criminal system.

God, who so greatly loves his children, has not wanted them to be unhappy on earth. It is men and their organizations that cause the misfortune of humanity when they allow themselves to be seduced by the errors of evil and the falsehoods of the spirit of revolt which always leads to chaos. As soon as man recognizes the necessity of duty, order, authority, discipline, work, of the giving of oneself to a cause greater than oneself, he becomes free and finds security, protection and justice. Corporatism is the only system of social, economic and political organization which can let him reach this goal.

PURPOSE AND USE OF WEALTH.

Hitherto, the goods of this earth have only served the advantage of a small group of powerful financiers. Liberal-democracy, climax of high finance in power, has enchained the unorganized masses and has made them suffer more than any despotic system of antiquity. The fruits of the earth are given by God for all His children to enjoy them. Fruit, meat, cloth, grain, etc., are not made for a few speculators to become millionaires. They are made for their producers to find a fair return for their efforts and for the largest possible part of humanity to have the means

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to get the share which it needs. It is upon this principle that corporatism is established. To so do that everyone may earn as much as possible in order to absorb the greatest possible production. To destroy natural or human production in the name of prices, in the name of profits, in the name of the Golden Calf is a crime of liberal-democracy which corporatism will not tolerate for a single instant. Everything is usable in this world and Canadian Corporatism will utilize all that Providence has placed at the disposal of Canadians.

POWERS AND RESPONSIBILITIES.

Every social class in Canada will take back the rights which have been stolen from it. Each class will have its frames, supple and well balanced. Each productive class will keep its initiative, its powers and also its responsibilities to the nation. The Canadian Corporatist State will see to these being harmoniously arranged with each other. Conscious of its mission, the National Unity government will not allow foreign agitators to mislead the Canadian masses into the mad myth of the international proletariat, the world labour movement, or the universal republic. It will see to it that everyone shall devote himself to Canada and the Canadians, to the realization in every way of the great motto, Canada for Canadians. This will be the best contribution of our country to world order, world peace and world happiness.

THE OTHER CORPORATIONS.

The other national corporations will be organized in like man-ner as those above described.

All the commercial energies of the country, employers and employees, will be grouped in the great national corporation of commerce, which, when well organized, will take over the functions of the ministry of commerce. This corporation, which will

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have its representation in parliament, will make the rules and conditions for commerce in Canada, will fix prices and wipe out cut-throat competition which everywhere sows ruin, economic anarchy, and strikes down industry and its employees. It will cooperate with the other great national activities of the country and will serve the nation while giving a decent livelihood to its members. Wholesome and honest trade in which the buyer can have blind confidence will again flourish. Business will become as before formerly, a noble and useful career of public service which will be stable and which will allow those who share in it to make and realize plans for the future.

The professional corporations, independent in themselves (law, medicine, etc.) or connected with other activities (agricultural engineering, chemical engineering, etc.) will play a great part under a system which demands the most competent for the chief positions.

The liberal professions, the scientific professions, the artistic professions, will give themselves frames and rules, will regulate and protect their interests. To serve the best interests of the country, converging with the rest of the nation toward great historic objects to be attained, to assure to all the members of the corporations a minimum of comfort and protection, to constantly raise the level of morality and efficiency in the profession, such are the great primary functions upon which they will build their labour of rebirth.

The professionals will have like the other classes their representation in the corporatist parliament, to legislate on subjects which belong to them, in the interest of the nation as well as in the economic and social interest of the members of their professions. The Corporation of Physicians will finally occupy the Ministry of Hygiene and of Public Health. The Corporation of Engineers and Architects will have the control of the Ministry of Public Works.

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All will work for their country and their class, having become associates and partners in common purposes, tasks and interests.

DESTRUCTION OF THE PORK-BARREL.

As Parliament will be composed of representatives of the great classes of the nation and as there will be no more political parties, as the political ideal will be completely changed, there will be no longer any “Pork-Barrel”, any palm-greasing, any partisan patronage.

Government contracts will be let not out of consideration for subscriptions to electoral funds, for underhand commissions, or favours granted to interested protectors, but in consideration of the needs of the country and the real price of the value received. Contractors will honestly serve their country, they will not have to serve political parties or politicians. The National Unity Government will make it a highly serious crime to offer, give or receive on either side gratuities or commissions for contracts, jobs or positions. Canada is too great a country to be for sale and the Canadian people are too noble a force to be sold. The time of democratic corruption is past indeed, and over. The National Unity Government will sweep away even its last remnants. Those who will best succeed will owe it to their zeal, their initiative, the use of their talent and not to money.

THE RAILWAY PROBLEM.

One of the most thorny problems that Canada has to solve, a problem which is also most urgent is that of the Canadian railways.

The old political parties fear to resolutely apply a solution be-cause their still undeclared solutions are so unjust that they

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dread alienating public opinion if they dared make them known. After a long period of “laisser-faire“, the incompetents of financial democracy have hidden behind the policy of “do-nothing”. The leader of the Conservative Party has solemnly declared that the problem is insoluble; a splendid reason for doing nothing, especially from a man who was for five years Minister of Railways! The Liberals, on their side, have been satisfied with piling up gigantic deficits.

Two solutions are currently put forth: that of the great capitalists and that of the collectivists (advanced liberals, socialists, communists).

The great capitalists would like the whole property and the whole power of the Canadian railways to fall into their hands.

The collectivists, or the Reds of all shades, would like the rail-ways to be the exclusive property of the State.

The National Unity Party of Canada rejects both these solutions.

The railways are too great a power to be in the hands of a handful of capitalists, to be a private property. For this power is such that it can be an instrument of blackmail against the State itself.

State socialization pure and simple is moreover a bad solution because it means the definite destruction of all personal initiative in this domain which especially needs it.

For National Unity, it is again the corporatist system which will settle this important problem in the most just way.

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NATIONAL CORPORATION OF TRANSPORTATION.

There will be, as in the case of the other great national activities, a National Corporation of Transportation. This corporation will be formed of all employees of the railways, technical staff and management, representatives of those who have invested only in the railways and representatives of the public.

This National Corporation of Transportation will take charge of all the railways on Canadian territory. It will issue new shares in exchange for those which have been issued by the old companies. It will be responsible for the financial and technical structures of the railways entrusted to its competence. It will be responsible for operation and service.

The great railway network of the country will not be the business of a few capitalists or the plaything of politicians. It will be in the hands of technicians of industry, it will be directed by experts on the question. All who share in railway activity will be partners working for the country at the same time as for them-selves. Their great National Corporation, self-governing like all the others, watched over by the State, coordinated with all the others and the general purpose envisaged by the whole country, it will itself set the conditions of its interior life and will determine itself its advancement and progress.

The government will not cancel the enormous debts incurred to it by the railways. These belong to the people and they have the right to find their property where they put their money.

PAYMENT TO THE COUNTRY IN SERVICE.

The National Unity government will have its railway debts paid by service to the Canadian people. Because, under the forthcoming nationalist system, the Canadian people will use their railways. They will use them extensively. They will learn to

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know their country. Canadian youth will learn to know Canada and love it better. Canadian children will early learn to appreciate their wonderful homeland and their fellow-citizens of all the provinces. Thousands of young French-Canadians with their guardians, teachers, doctors and nurses, will go each summer and spend holidays on the shores of the Pacific or Atlantic. Thousands of young Canadians of the Maritime Provinces will go and spend holidays in Ontario. Thousands of Canadian chil-dren from British Columbia will go to vacation colonies set up in the Laurentians or in the Gaspé peninsula, and so on.

YOUNG PEOPLE WILL LEARN
TO KNOW THEIR COUNTRY.

Each summer half a million of our Canadian children will have holidays, open air and physical training. As they reach adolescence after several different holidays, they will know what Canada is. They will have a very clear vision of it. They will know the other provinces. They will have learned to esteem their distant fellow-citizens and be esteemed by them. The new generation, by its knowledge of the country and its conception of what it can be and must be will mould national unity for the future.

Our pupils and students will travel and will go and see operating on the spot the different industries to which they may wish to devote themselves.

Our veterans of past wars will have the privilege of travelling free on Canadian railways.

Our railways, by their contribution to this great national work, will thus repay the Canadian people for the billions which it has advanced to them.

The railways will be freed from the intervention of politicians and capitalist speculation. They will no longer know the fatal

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results of stock-jobbing or of patronage. They will have guarantees of sure survival. They will be able to protect themselves. They will be able to transform certain unused rights-of-way into super-speedy arteries of motor transportation, which they can develop themselves or hand over to the country to extinguish their debts. Freed from their fetters, they will be able to put to use all that initiative can contribute in the domain of science and progress.

Statism and stock-jobbing capitalism have been tried. They can-not settle satisfactorily our railway problem. Corporatism alone will apply the practical, just and ideal solution.

ESSENTIAL CONDITION OF ORDER.

The old party system, financial democracy, has taken control of the social classes of the country and has practically ruined them all, for the benefit of great international organizations always under Jew control. Financial democracy has driven the country and its public institutions toward bankruptcy.

Farming, labour, commerce, industry, fisheries, transportation, etc., have been directed and ruined by people who know nothing about them and were not responsible to these great national activities.

Each class, each activity, must take back its control, its powers, its initiative, its responsibilities. This is an essential condition of order. Each class is capable of giving itself forms, leaders, staffs and leadership; of finding in its own ability all that it needs to prosper. Class cooperation must replace the democratic class struggle. Only the corporatist system, the political-economic-social system of the new day can bring about these results. The National Unity Party of Canada is the only federal movement which heralds Canadian Corporatism made for Canada in the

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Canadian spirit, and this Party alone is able to make it triumph and apply it.

NO CORPORATISM IS POSSIBLE IN DEMOCRACY.

It has been sometimes asked whether it would not be possible to apply Corporatism in democracy, under financial liberalism. This would be a complete impossibility. In the first place, because the corporations would be again divided into all sorts of political factions which would argue about influence within their ranks, would set members of corporations against each other in partisan quarrels, would perpetuate patronage and favoritism. Further, because liberal-democracy demands control of whole classes of the people (agriculture, labour, industry, fisheries, commerce, etc.) by politicians.

Liberal-democracy is “laisser-faire” and do-nothingness, dog-eat-dog competition, while Corporatism is discipline and coordination. To fix salaries and wages, prices and working conditions rigidly is dictatorship, but a dictatorship which each class freely imposes upon itself. Corporatism and laisser-faire are irreconcilable with each other and it is folly to think they can be made to function together, to wed national corporatism with liberal-democracy, authority with lack of discipline, and order with anarchy.

GOD, KING, COUNTRY, FAMILY,
DISCIPLINE, DIGNITY.

Canada for Canadians.

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